Improving Hot Spot Policing through Behavioral Interventions, New York City, 2012-2018 (ICPSR 37284)
Version Date: Jun 29, 2020 View help for published
Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Anuj Shah, University of Chicago. Graduate School of Business
Summary View help for Summary
This project aimed to develop new insights into offender decision-making in hot spots in New York City, and to test whether these insights could inform interventions to reduce crime in hot spots. There were two phases to the project. In the first phase a set of hypotheses were developed about offender decision-making based on semi-structured interviews with individuals who were currently incarcerated, formerly incarcerated individuals, individuals currently on probation, and community members of high crime areas with no justice-involvement. These interviews suggested several factors worthy of further testing. For instance, offenders believed they were less likely to get away with a crime if they knew more about the officers in their community. That is, when police officers were less anonymous, offenders were less likely to go forward with a crime.
In the second phase a field intervention was developed and conducted to test whether reducing officer anonymity might deter crime. Through a randomized controlled trial (RCT) while working with NYPD neighborhood coordination officers, who work in New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) developments, it was tested whether sending information about officers to residents in housing developments would deter crime in those developments.
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Subject Terms View help for Subject Terms
Geographic Coverage View help for Geographic Coverage
Restrictions View help for Restrictions
Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reason for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
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Date of Collection View help for Date of Collection
Data Collection Notes View help for Data Collection Notes
This deposit included qualitative data files (interviews) that will be released separately.
Study Purpose View help for Study Purpose
To develop a better understanding of offender decision making through interviews, surveys, and a behavioral intervention to increase familiarity with local law enforcement.
Study Design View help for Study Design
Randomized field trials and surveys following a behavioral intervention.
Universe View help for Universe
Adult public housing residents, adult ex-offenders, adult probationers, and adult incarcerated population in New York City.
Unit(s) of Observation View help for Unit(s) of Observation
Data Source View help for Data Source
Public complaint, arrest, 311 call, broken property, census, and NYCHA development data available from https://data.cityofnewyork.us
New York City residents
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Description of Variables View help for Description of Variables
Dataset 1 contains variables on NYCHA developments in New York City, including demographics, location, population, and crime incidents near the developments. Dataset 2 contains scale variables concerning feelings towards neigborhood police officers, job performance, response rate, and familiarity with those officers. It also includes items on demographics, residence, development statistics, and survey-related variables for researchers.Hide
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.