Stress in America, United States, 20072018 (ICPSR 37288)
Version Date: Jun 24, 2019 View help for published
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American Psychological Association
https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37288.v1
Version V1
Summary View help for Summary
Since 2007, the American Psychological Association (APA) has commissioned an annual nationwide survey as part of its Mind/Body Health campaign to examine the state of stress across the country and understand its impact. The Stress in America survey measures attitudes and perceptions of stress among the general public and identifies leading sources of stress, common behaviors used to manage stress and the impact of stress on our lives. The results of the survey draw attention to the serious physical and emotional implications of stress and the inextricable link between the mind and body.
From 2007 to 2018, the research has documented this connection among the general public as well as various subsegments of the public. Each year, the Stress in America surveys aims to uncover different aspects of the stress/health connection via focusing on a particular topic and/or subgroup of the population. Below is a list of the focus of each of the Stress in America surveys.
 20072018 Cumulative Dataset
 2007 General Population
 2008 Gender and Stress
 2009 Parent Perceptions of Children's Stress
 2010 Health Impact of Stress on Children and Families
 2011 Our Health Risk
 2012 Missing the Health Care Connection
 2013 Are Teens Adopting Adults' Stress Habits
 2014 Paying With Our Health
 2015 The Impact of Discrimination
 2016 Coping with Change, Part 1
 2016 Coping with Change, Part 2: Technology and Social Media
 2017 The State of Our Nation
 2018 Stress and Generation Z
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Geographic Coverage View help for Geographic Coverage
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Metropolitan Statistical Area
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RestrictedUse Data: This data may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is strictly prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, this data collection is restricted from general dissemination. To obtain this file, researchers must agree to the terms and conditions of a Restricted Data Use Agreement in accordance with existing ICPSR servicing policies.
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Data Collection Notes View help for Data Collection Notes

There are significant differences in case counts between the P.I. Documentation and the data set released by ICPSR; no further information was provided.

Each dataset within this study contains the exact same 4,051 variables. This is due to the accumulation of all variables asked across the 20072018 surveys. With the exception of the 20072018 Cumulative Dataset (DS0001), each dataset will contain variables that were not asked for that year. As a result the vast majority of variables (3000+) will not contain any valid responses.
 For additional information on the Stress in America, please visit the Stress in America web site.
Study Design View help for Study Design
The Stress in America survey has been conducted online within the United States by Harris Poll on behalf of the American Psychological Association (APA) since 2007. Respondents for the surveys were selected from among those who have agreed to participate in Harris Poll surveys. Unless otherwise noted, interviews were conducted in English.
Sample View help for Sample
20072018 Cumulative Dataset: A total of 43,007 interviews were conducted and merged into a single dataset by using the datasets of each wave. The 43,007 interviews included the following subgroups:
 Gender: Male (n=18,077); Female (n=24,845); Transgender (n=58)
 Race/Ethnicity: Asian (n=2,797); Hispanic (n=7,201); Black (n=7,596); All other (n=24,766)
 Age: 1317 years old (n=1,710); 1830 years old (n=8,031); 3144 years old (n=9,463); 4563 years old (n=14,908); age 64 or older (n=8,895)
 Urbanicity: Urban: (n=18,366); Suburban: (n=17,057); Rural: (n=7584)
 Region: Northeast (n=9,273); Midwest (n=9,182); South (n=13,755); West (n=10,792); NonU.S. State (n=2); Unknown (n=3)
2007 General Population:
A total of interviews among 1,848 adults 18 years of age or older living in the U.S. were conducted. Included in the 1,848 interviews were interviews of 365 African American and 400 Hispanic adults.
Interviews were conducted in English (n=1,745) and Spanish (n=103).
2008 Gender and Stress:
A total of 3,760 interviews among the general population were conducted including 1,553 men and 2,207 women. In addition to the general population interviews, oversamples were collected, among adults residing in the following eight cities across the U.S.: Atlanta (n=243), Chicago (n=231), Denver (n=267), Detroit (n=235), Los Angeles (n=256), New York City (n=228), Seattle (n=259), and Washington D.C. (n=250).
Interviews were conducted in English (n=3,760).
2009 Parent Perceptions of Children's Stress: A total of 3,202 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 3,202 interviews included the following subgroups:
 Gender: Male (n=1,494); Female (n=1,708)
 Race/Ethnicity: Asian (n=92); Hispanic (n=343); Black (n=371); All other (n=2,288)
 Generation: Millennials (1830 years old) n=752; Xers (3144 years old) n=694; Baby Boomers (4563 years old) n=1,099; Matures (age 64 or older) n=656
 Employment: Employed (n=1,869); Not Employed (n=584)(Looking for work n=207; Retired n=519; Stayathome spouses or partners n=181)
 Region: East (n=362); Midwest (n=340); South (n=516); West (n=349)
 Urbanicity: Urban: (n=1135); Suburban: (n=1,522); Rural: (n=545)
 Chronic illness: Has Chronic Conditions (n=2,162); Does not have chronic conditions (n=1,040)
 Parents of children aged 817 (n=639)
In addition to the general population interviews, oversamples were collected in the following eight cities across the U.S.: Atlanta (n=227), Chicago (n=244), Denver (n=210), Detroit (n=223), Los Angeles (n=255), New York City (n=255), Seattle (n=205), and Washington D.C. (n=220).
2010 Health Impact of Stress on Children and Families: A total of 3,761 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 3,761 interviews included 402 interviews among parents of children aged 817. In addition to the general population interviews, an oversample were collected in the following eight cities across the U.S.: Atlanta (n=249), Chicago (n=260), Denver (n=216), Detroit (n=231), Los Angeles (n=256), New York City (n=258), Seattle (n=218), and Washington D.C. (n=234).
2011 Our Health Risk: A total of 4,784 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 4,784 interviews included 615 interviews among caregivers. In addition to the general population interviews, oversamples were collected of those with a chronic illness (n=3,282). This definition can be found in the following section:
 Chronic illness: Depression (n=1,140); Diabetes (n=869); Obesity (n=818); Heart disease (n=455)
In addition to the general population interviews, oversamples were collected in the following eight cities across the U.S.: Atlanta (n=319), Chicago (n=331), Denver (n=260), Detroit (n=261), Los Angeles (n=339), New York City (n=312), Seattle (n=239), and Washington D.C. (n=305).
2012 Missing the Health Care Connection: A total of 3,735 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 3,735 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Generation: Millennials (1833 years old) n=573; Xers (3447 years old) n=687; Baby Boomers (4866 years old) n=1,922; Matures (age 67 or older) n=550
 Chronic illness: (n=2,665)
In addition to the general population interviews, oversamples were collected in the following eight cities across the U.S.: Atlanta (n=239), Chicago (n=274), Denver (n=216), Detroit (n=243), Los Angeles (n=273), New York City (n=266), Seattle (n=218), and Washington D.C. (n=279).
2013 Are Teens Adopting Adults' Stress Habits?: A total of 1,950 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 1,950 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Gender: Male (n=847); Female (n=1,103)
 Generation: Millennials (1834 years old) n=392; Xers (3548 years old) n=379; Baby Boomers (4967 years old) n=808; Matures (age 68 or older) n=371
 Region: Northeast (n=442); Midwest (n=535); South(n=578); West (n=395)
 Hours per night of sleep: Less than 8 hours (n=1,374); Equal to or greater than 8 hours (n=576)
 Exercise frequency: less than once a week or not at all (n=795); once a week or more (n=1,155)
 Selfreported stress level: high stress (810 on a 10point scale)(n=386); low stress (13 on a 10point scale)(n=633)
 Parents with a child under 18 in the household: (n=333)
 Gender: Male (n=432); Female (n=586)
 Age Breakouts: Younger teens (13 to 14 years) n=294; Older teens (15 to 17 years old) n=724
 Younger girls (n=160); Older girls (n=426): Younger boys (n=134); Older boys (n=298)
 Stress Level: Low stress in the past school year (n=174) or the past month (n=338); High stress in the past school year (n=316) or past month (n=149)
 Sleep: Less than 8 hours on a school night (n=503); Equal to or greater than 8 hours on a school night (n=514)
 Exercise: Less than once a week or not at all (n=216); once a week or more (n=802)
2014 Paying With Our Health: A total of 3,068 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 3,068 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Gender: Male (n=1,204); Female (n=1,864)
 Generation: Millennials (1835 years old) n=720; Xers (3649 years old) n=548; Baby Boomers (5068 years old) n=1,324; Matures (age 69 or older) n=476
 Income: Less than $50,000 (n=1,499); Greater than $50,000 (n=1,379)
 Region: Northeast (n=670); Midwest (n=776); South (n=984); West (n=637); Unknown (n=1)
 Emotional support: Yes (n=2,042); No (n=649)
 Parents with a child under 18 in the household: (n=569)
2015 The Impact of Discrimination: A total of 3,361 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 3,361 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Gender: Male (n=1,104); Female (n=2,244); Transgender (n=7)
 Race/Ethnicity: White (n=1,071); Hispanic (n=813); Black (n=825); Asian (n=416); Native American or Alaskan Native (n=199)
 Generation: Millennials (1836 years old) n=1,190; Xers (3750 years old) n=649; Baby Boomers (5169 years old) n=1,130; Matures (age 70 or older) n=392
 Poverty level: At or below 200 percent of the annual federal poverty guidelines (n=1,168); More than 200 percent of the annual poverty guidelines (n=1,897)
 Region: Northeast (n=687); Midwest (n=632); South (n=1,209); West (n=832); Unknown (n=1)
 Urbanicity: Urban: (n=1,304); Suburban: (n=1,389); Rural: (n= 668)
 Emotional support: Yes (n=2,366); No (n=674)
 Disability: Disabled (n=1,088); Not Disabled (n=2,222)
 LGBT: LGBT (n=232); NonLGBT (n=3,043)
2016 Coping with Change, Part 1: A total of 3,511 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 3,511 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Gender: Male (n=1,466); Female (n=2,027) Transgender (n=12)
 Race/Ethnicity: White (n=1,117); Hispanic (n=822); Black (n=803); Asian (n=522); Native American or Alaskan native (n=200)
 Generation: Millennials (1837 years old) n=1,306; Xers (3851 years old) n=746; Baby Boomers (5270 years old) n=1,194; Matures (age 71 or older) n=265
 Poverty level: At or below 200 percent of the annual federal poverty guidelines (n=1,135); More than 200 percent of the annual poverty guidelines (n=2,102)
 Region: East (n=746); Midwest (n=667); South (n=1,294); West (n=804)
 Urbanicity: Urban: (n=1,334); Suburban: (n=1,514); Rural: (n= 663)
 Emotional support: Yes (n=2,538); No (n=648)
 Parents: Parents (n=1,120); No children (n=146); Parents of teens (1317) (n=303); Parents of teen girls (n=149); Parents of teen boys (n=154)
 Digital Connection: Constant checker (n=1,807); Nonconstant checker (n=1,704); Constant checker of work email on a nonwork day (n=283)
2016 Coping with Change, Part 2: Technology and Social Media: A total of 1,019 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 1,019 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Gender: Male (n=456); Female (n=557) Transgender (n=2)
 Race/Ethnicity: White (n=449); Hispanic (n=210); Black (n=201); Asian (n=100); Native American or Alaskan native (n=50)
 Generation: millennials (1837 years old) n=340; Xers (3851 years old) n=222; baby boomers (5270 years old) n=368; matures (age 71 or older) n=89
 Poverty level: At or below 200 percent of the annual federal poverty guidelines (n=282); More than 200 percent of the annual poverty guidelines (n=675)
 Region: Northeast (n=238); Midwest (n=176); South (n=390); West (n=215) Urbanicity: Urban: (n=373); Suburban: (n=464); Rural: (n=182)
2017 The State of Our Nation: A total of 3,340 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 3,340 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Gender: Male (n=1,376); Female (n=2,047); Transgender (n=10)
 Race/Ethnicity: White (n=1,088); Hispanic (n=810); Black (n=808); Asian (n=506); Native American or Alaskan Native (n=206)
 Generation: Millennials (1838 years old) n=1,267; Xers (3952 years old) n=767; baby boomers (5371 years old) n=1,176; matures (age 72 or older) n=230
 Poverty level: At or below 200 percent of the annual federal poverty guidelines (n=1,122); More than 200 percent of the annual poverty guidelines (n=2,087)
 Income: Less than $50,000 (n=1,612); Greater or equal to $50,000 (n=1,615)
 Region: East (n=772); Midwest (n=615); South (n=1,224); West (n=829)
 Urbanicity: Urban: (n=1,367); Suburban: (n=1,472); Rural: (n= 601)
 Chronic condition status: Yes (n=2,205); No (n=1,180)
 Insurance status: Yes (n=3,112); No (n=328)
 LGBT status: LGBT (n=237); NonLGBT (n=3,129)
 Parents: Parents (n=1,182); No children (n=2,258)
 Political party affiliation: Democrat (n=1,454); Republican (n=698); Independent (n=672)
2018 Stress and Generation Z: A total of 4,550 interviews among the general population were conducted. The 4,550 interviews included interviews among the following:
 Gender: Male (n=1,824); Female (n=2,695); Transgender (n=27)
 Race/Ethnicity: White (n=1,216); Hispanic (n=1,252); Black (n=800); Asian (n=534); Native American or Alaskan Native (n=202); Gen Z: White (n=187); Hispanic (n=505); black (n=537)
 Generation: Gen Z (15 to 21) n=1,323 (includes n=692 Gen Z "teens" and n=631 Gen Z "adults" 1821); Millennials (2239 years old) n=1,055; Xers (4053 years old) n=735; Baby Boomers (5472 years old) n=1,213; Matures or Older Adults (age 73 or older) n=224
 Region: Northeast (n=824); Midwest (n=790); South (n=1,873); West (n=1063)
 Parents: Parents (n=1,454); No children (n=591)
 Political Party Affiliation: Democrat (n=1,922); Republican (n=796); Independent (n=844)
Time Method View help for Time Method
Universe View help for Universe
Respondents that are 18 years of age or older and lived in the United States
Unit(s) of Observation View help for Unit(s) of Observation
Data Type(s) View help for Data Type(s)
Mode of Data Collection View help for Mode of Data Collection
Response Rates View help for Response Rates
Because the sample is based on those who were invited and agreed to participate in an online research panel, no estimates of theoretical sampling error can be calculated.
HideOriginal Release Date View help for Original Release Date
20190624
Version History View help for Version History
20190624 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates readytogo data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
 Created variable labels and/or value labels.
 Checked for undocumented or outofrange codes.
Weight View help for Weight
General population data have been weighted to reflect their proportions in the population using targets based on the Current Population Survey. Weighting variables included age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, region and household income. Propensity score weighting was also used to adjust for respondents' propensity to be online. In some years, there were subgroups of interest which were weighted separately.
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These data are freely available to data users at ICPSR member institutions. The curation and dissemination of this study are provided by the institutional members of ICPSR. How do I access ICPSR data if I am not at a member institution?
One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.