National Survey of Adolescents, 2004: Ghana (ICPSR 22409)

Version Date: Jul 24, 2008 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Kofi Awusabo-Asare, University of Cape Coast; Ann E. Biddlecom, Alan Guttmacher Institute; Eliya Msiyaphazi Zulu, African Population and Health Research Center


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The National Survey Adolescents was launched in 2004 in four Sub-Saharan African countries--Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda--to provide detailed information on adolescent risk-taking and health-seeking behavior as related to HIV, STDs and unintended pregnancy. The study examined a range of factors (e.g., behavioral, sociocultural, and economic) that could lead to increased vulnerability to risk. The study also encompassed knowledge of means of prevention, sources of trusted information and health care, and impediments to adolescents' abilities to apply their knowledge and take preventive action. The Ghanian portion was administered between January and May 2004. Using a two-stage stratified sample design that selected households from rural and urban clusters, 9,445 households were listed for initial screening. After an initial interview in each household, individual surveys were administered in person to adolescents between the ages of 12 and 19 who were de facto or de jure members of the household. This process collected 4,430 individual interviews with adolescents. Because of the sensitive nature of questions administered in the survey, informed consent forms were obtained from both parents/guardians and the respondents, and in all possible instances interviewers and respondents were paired up by gender.

Awusabo-Asare, Kofi, Biddlecom, Ann E., and Zulu, Eliya Msiyaphazi. National Survey of Adolescents, 2004: Ghana. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-07-24.

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Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (5R24HD043610)

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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

2004-01 -- 2004-05
2004-01 -- 2004-05

Between January 2004 and May 2004, a two-stage cluster sample of 9,445 households were visited, from which a sample of 4,430 eligible adolescents were interviewed. Only adolescents who were de facto or de jure members of the household and between the ages of 12 and 19 were considered eligible

All adolescents between the ages of 12 and 19 in Ghana.

individual, household

The overall response rate was 89.3 percent.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Awusabo-Asare, Kofi, Ann E. Biddlecom, and Eliya Msiyaphazi Zulu. National Survey of Adolescents, 2004: Ghana. ICPSR22409-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-07-24.

2008-07-24 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.

The individual case file has two weighting variables. The weight "qweight" is the sample weight and is used for all respondents. If "qweight"=0, the case should not be included in analysis either because of incomplete data or possible redundancy. Before use with the data, the sample weight (qweight) should be divided by 1,000,000 before applying the weighting factor. The weight "qwgt12" is a weight for respondents who also were selected for and answered Section 12 questions, since only one eligible adolescent per household was selected for those sensitive questions. When examining Section 12 questions, use only "qwgt12". Before using "qwgt12", it must also be divided by 1,000,000.



  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.