Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, [United States], 2004 (ICPSR 4572)

Version Date: Dec 12, 2019 View help for published

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United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics


Version V6 ()

  • V6 [2019-12-12]
  • V5 [2018-12-19] unpublished
  • V4 [2018-12-13] unpublished
  • V3 [2018-06-12] unpublished
  • V2 [2016-04-27] unpublished
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This survey provides nationally representative data on inmates held in state prisons and federally-owned and operated prisons. Through personal interviews conducted from October 2003 through May 2004, inmates in both state and federal prisons provided information about their current offense and sentence, criminal history, family background and personal characteristics, prior drug and alcohol use and treatment programs, gun possession and use, and prison activities, programs, and services. Prior surveys of State prison inmates were conducted in 1974, 1979, 1986, 1991, and 1997. Sentenced federal prison inmates were interviewed in the 1991 and 1997 surveys.

United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, [United States], 2004. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-12-12.

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Access to these BJS-sponsored data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a NACJD Restricted Data Use Agreement available from the ResearchDataGov website, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Restricted Data Use Agreements available on the NACJD website are provided for reference only. Please visit the ResearchDataGov website to download the appropriate Restricted Data Use Agreement and submit your request. Once approved, data may be accessed from a requester secure site via ICPSR's secure download procedures.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

2003-10 -- 2004-05

A two-stage sampling procedure was used. Prisons were selected in the first stage. Inmates within sampled prisons were selected in the second stage.


Inmates in state and federal prisons in the United States.


The overall response rates for state and federal inmates were 89.1 percent and 84.6 percent, respectively.



2019-12-12 The variable groupings in the codebook for DS0002 have been updated.

2018-12-19 The DDI files have been updated to provide frequencies and summary statistics in the Social Science Variables Database.

2018-12-13 Pages 3 and 4 of the User Guide have been updated.

2018-06-12 Part 1 data combine DS0001 (federal numeric data) and DS0003 (federal analysis variables) from the previous version; Part 2 data combine DS0002 (state numeric data) and DS0004 (state analysis variables) from the previous version.

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, [United States], 2004. ICPSR04572-v6. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-12-12.

2016-04-27 Datasets 0003 and 0004 were added. They contain analysis variables corresponding to the Federal and State datasets. The analysis variables are useful in replicating results reported by the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

2007-02-28 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.

Weights for estimating populations are included with the data.



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