To obtain lifetime and one year incidence estimates of a comprehensive range of childhood victimizations across gender, race, and developmental stage using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ).
Using a nationwide sampling frame of residential telephone numbers, a sample of telephone households was drawn by random digit dialing (RDD). This nationally representative cross-section yielded 3,053 of the 4,549 completed interviews. To ensure that the study included a sizeable proportion of minorities and low-income respondents for more accurate subgroup analyses, there was also an over-sampling of United States telephone exchanges that had a population of 70 percent or more of African American, Hispanic, or low-income households. Random digit dialing (RDD) employed with this second "over- 2 sample" yielded 1,496 of the completed interviews.
In an effort to more accurately reflect total estimates of the national population of families with children, sample weights were generated to correct for disproportionate sampling procedures.
Children and youth ages 1 month to 17 years residing in the contiguous United States
The National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NATSCEV) I are divided into 14 sections: parent screener, background questions, Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ) screener questions, social support, mental health, NATSCEV screener questions, JVQ and NATSCEV follow up questions, lifetime and past year adversity, internet victimization, community disorder, delinquency, self-concept, parental conflict, and alcohol use. Each section is described in detail below.
- Parent Screener - Variables pertaining to demographic information such as social economic status, race and ethnicity, age of respondent, date of birth, martial status, household composition and educational level. In addition, variables pertaining to mental health and general health for parent and youth are included.
- Background Questions - Respondents were asked school and education related questions, such as, how much does the respondent like to read and how much homework does the respondent usually do. In addition, respondents were asked about extracurricular activities, such as, after school program participation and leisure time.
- Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ)Screener questions Variables pertain to conventional crime, child maltreatment, peer and sibling victimization, sexual assault, witnessing and indirect victimization.
- Social Support - Variables pertaining to the perceived amount of social support a respondent received. For example, "My family really tries to help me".
- Mental Health - Variables pertaining to mental health, such as, difficulty concentrating and focusing, difficulty sleeping, aggression, fear and anxiety.
- Supplemental Screener Questions - Variables pertaining to exposure to community violence , exposure to family violence and abuse, and school violence and threat.
- JVQ and NATSCEV Follow-up Questions - Respondents who reported events, such as victimization are asked follow-up questions (e.g. How many times did this happen during the lifetime).
- Life Time and Past Adversity - Variables pertaining to past adversity such as, family drug use, bad accidents and illnesses, natural disasters, and death of a loved one.
- Internet Victimization - Contains two variables that ask about Internet harassment or unwanted sexual encounters experienced.
- Community Disorder - Variables pertaining to community disorder, such as drug selling in the community, policing in the community, gangs, and neighborhood environment.
- Delinquency -Variables pertaining to self-reported delinquency including physical violence, graffiti, drug use, and theft.
- Self-Concept - Variables pertaining to positive and negative self-concept characteristics.
- Parental Conflict - Includes two variables pertaining to often a respondent sees their parents arguing and whether the respondent's parents get really mad when arguing.
- Alcohol Use - Variables pertaining to the frequency and amount of alcoholic beverages consumed.
The AAPOR Cooperation Rate #3 for the RDD cross-section portion this survey was 71 percent and the AAPOR Response Rate #3 was 54 percent. The cooperation and response rates associated with the smaller over-sample were 63 percent and 43 percent, respectively.
Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ), an inventory of childhood victimization that covers a wide range of events, including nonviolent victimizations and events that children and parents do not typically conceptualize as crimes. The JVQ version used in the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence I obtains reports on 48 forms of offenses against youth that cover five general areas of concern: conventional crime, child maltreatment, peer and sibling victimization, sexual assault, and witnessing and indirect victimization.