United States Census of Mortality: 1850, 1860, and 1870 (ICPSR 2526)
Version Date: Mar 30, 2006 View help for published
Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Robert W. Fogel, University of Chicago. Center for Population Economics; Joseph Ferrie, University of Chicago. Center for Population Economics; Dora L. Costa, University of Chicago. Center for Population Economics; Dean S. Karlan, University of Chicago. Center for Population Economics
Summary View help for Summary
This data collection is a portion of the historical data collected by the project, "Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death," which is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomic data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. During 1850, 1860, and 1870, mortality information was gathered at the county level as an addendum to the population census. These data examine the impact of environmental factors on life outcomes and look at the influence of infectious disease rates on economic and health patterns at late ages. Part 1, Disease Data, looks at cause of death from 66 disease classifications. Part 2, General Disease Data, also examines cause of death but through 18 broad disease categories. Variables included in both parts are state, county, year of death, and frequency of death by disease.
Citation View help for Citation
Funding View help for Funding
Subject Terms View help for Subject Terms
Geographic Coverage View help for Geographic Coverage
Distributor(s) View help for Distributor(s)
Date of Collection View help for Date of Collection
Data Collection Notes View help for Data Collection Notes
These files represent a storage format sometimes referred to as a weighted analysis file. The data are organized with one record for each county/year/disease permutation (in the event that no one died in that county/year/disease, no record is created). For each such permutation, the frequency variable contains the number of individuals who died in the county/year of that disease.
Questions regarding the use of these data should be directed to Peter Viechnicki at the University of Chicago (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Sample View help for Sample
Individuals who died in a household in which somebody survived were included.
Universe View help for Universe
All deaths in the year prior to the taking of the census in 1850, 1860, and 1870.
Data Source View help for Data Source
mortality census records
Data Type(s) View help for Data Type(s)
Original Release Date View help for Original Release Date
Version History View help for Version History
- Fogel, Robert W., Joseph Ferrie, Dora L. Costa, and Dean S. Karlan. United States Census of Mortality: 1850, 1860, and 1870. ICPSR02526-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02526.v1
2006-03-30 File CB2526.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
- The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.