Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976 (ICPSR 7555)

Version Date: Feb 16, 1992 View help for published

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Raymond D. Gastil

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This data collection contains information gathered in five annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies from 1972-1976. The study was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. The data include assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include four additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied. The rationale used in assigning the seven categories on the continuum of most to least freedom can be found in Appendix III of the codebook, including which civil and political rights were considered critical in order for a nation to garner each rating.

Gastil, Raymond D. Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16.

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South America   Papua New Guinea   Cambodia   Paraguay   Syria   Latin America   Solomon Islands   Bahamas   Gibralter   Montserrat   Mali   Panama   Guadeloupe   Virgin Islands of the United States   Laos   Argentina   Falkland Islands   Africa   Seychelles   Zambia   Belize   Bahrain   Guinea-Bissau   Namibia   Finland   Comoros   Faroe Islands   Netherlands Antilles   Yemen   Puerto Rico   China (Peoples Republic)   Madagascar   Ivory Coast   Libya   Western Samoa   Sweden   Malawi   Cocos (Keeling) Islands   Andorra   Liechtenstein   Poland   Jordan   Bulgaria   Tunisia   Channel Islands   United Arab Emirates   Tuvalu   Kenya   French Polynesia   Lebanon   Djibouti   Brunei   Cuba   Czech Republic   Mauritania   Mayotte   Israel   San Marino   Australia   Azores   Soviet Union   Central America   Myanmar   Cameroon   Cyprus   Northern Mariana Islands   Bermuda Islands   Malaysia   North America   Iceland   Global   Oman   Armenia   Gabon   Yugoslavia   Luxembourg   Brazil   Turks and Caicos Islands   Algeria   Colombia   Ecuador   Vanuatu   Italy   Honduras   Micronesia (Federated States)   Nauru   Haiti   Afghanistan   Burundi   Singapore   French Guiana   American Samoa   Christmas Island   Netherlands   Martinique   Saint Pierre and Miquelon   Reunion   Bhutan   Romania   Togo   Philippines   Asia   Democratic Republic of Congo   British Virgin Islands   Zimbabwe   Pacific Ocean   Indonesia   Benin   Angola   Sudan   East Timor   Portugal   New Caledonia   North Korea   Grenada   Greece   Cayman Islands   Morocco   Iran   Guatemala   Guyana   Iraq   Chile   Nepal   Isle of Man   Tanzania   West Indies   Ghana   India   Canada   Maldives   Turkey   Belgium   South Africa   Trinidad and Tobago   Central African Republic   Jamaica   Peru   Germany   Vietnam (Socialist Republic)   Easter Island   Fiji   Tokelau   Hong Kong   United States   Guinea   Somalia   Chad   Sao Tome and Principe   Thailand   Equatorial Guinea   Kiribati   Costa Rica   Middle East   Kuwait   Nigeria   Sri Lanka   Uruguay   Cook Islands   United Kingdom   Switzerland   Spain   Liberia   Venezuela   Burkina Faso   Swaziland   Wallis and Futuna   Niue   South Korea   Austria   Mozambique   El Salvador   Monaco   Guam   Lesotho   Tonga   Juan Fernandez Islands   Hungary   Japan   Europe   Mauritius   Albania   Norfolk Island   New Zealand   Senegal   Ethiopia   Egypt   Sierra Leone   Bolivia   Malta   Saudi Arabia   Cape Verde   Southeast Asia   Pakistan   Gambia   Ireland   Qatar   France   Niger   Rwanda   Bangladesh   Nicaragua   Barbados   Norway   Botswana   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   Macao   Dominican Republic   Denmark   Mexico   Uganda   Suriname   Saint Helena   Greenland
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

1972 -- 1976
  1. The data for five years have been combined to produce one continuous record for each country. Entities that were added to the list or removed from it have been assigned the missing data code for the years that are not relevant. This is somewhat misleading in the case of Vietnam, which upon unification resumed the original code assigned to it before division. Consequently, 815 (Vietnam) has the missing data code for 1972-1975, whereas 816 (North and South Vietnam) are so coded for 1976. The missing data code means "not applicable" rather than "unknown," and corresponds to the absence of information in the original data. "No Change" was coded blank in the original, which leads to ambiguity in the case of countries that appear for the first time, and should presumably be coded "not applicable" for all variables dealing with "change since previous survey." Some, however, show directional change, and the remainder have therefore been coded "no change."

  2. Conducted by Freedom House, New York, NY.


A total of 218 of the world's nations and dependencies of the world.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Gastil, Raymond D. Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976. ICPSR07555-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000.