Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education Evaluation, United States, 2011-2016 (ICPSR 37289)

Version Date: May 21, 2019 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Abt Associates; David Fein, Abt Associates; Howard Rolston, Abt Associates


Version V1 ()

  • V7 [2022-06-28]
  • V6 [2022-04-20] unpublished
  • V5 [2021-11-29] unpublished
  • V4 [2020-07-23] unpublished
  • V3 [2019-12-23] unpublished
  • V2 [2019-10-29] unpublished
  • V1 [2019-05-21] unpublished

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The Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education (PACE) study was designed to produce rigorous evidence for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers about the effectiveness of nine career pathways approaches that sought to increase credentials, employment, and self-sufficiency among low-income, low-skilled Americans. Funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, PACE included nine program-specific evaluation reports. The study was led by Abt Associates, in partnership with MEF Associates, The Urban Institute, and the University of Michigan.

Each program-specific evaluation included an implementation study that examined the design and operation of the program and enrolled students' participation patterns, and an impact study that used an experimental design to measure differences in educational and employment outcomes between individuals randomly assigned to a group that could receive services from the PACE program (treatment group) and a group that could not but could participate in other services in the community (control group). Program impacts were measured 18 to 24 months following random assignment, depending on the program. Follow-up impact reports will cover three and six years after random assignment.

Abt Associates, Fein, David, and Rolston, Howard. Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education Evaluation, United States, 2011-2016. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-05-21.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

2011-11 -- 2016-05
2011-11-01 -- 2016-05-31 (Baseline and 18-month follow-up survey data collection efforts), 2011-11-01 -- 2014-12-31 (Enrollment and random assignment)
  1. This collection currently contains only study documentation, including data collection instruments and P.I. produced codebooks. The data will be released at a future date.

  2. For more information, please refer to the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) website, or the Career-Pathways website.


Longitudinal: Cohort / Event-based

All participants enrolled in the Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education (PACE) study (N=9,295).


All study participants completed the Baseline Information Form (BIF) and Self-administered Questionnaire (SAQ)

Response rate for the 18-month follow-up survey was 77.2 percent

See data documentation.




To address survey nonresponse, the study team developed nonresponse weights, using a standard approach common in survey research. The study team estimated the response propensity for each member of the treatment and control sample, based on empirically selected baseline characteristics. They then sorted the sample in each study arm by the estimated response propensity and divided the sample into five equal-size groups (quintiles). Finally, within each arm and quintile, the study team calculated the empirical response rate, and then took the inverse to calculate the nonresponse-adjusted weight. See the Year Up (YU) appendix for more detail.