Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-2019 (ICPSR 37998)

Version Date: May 31, 2022 View help for published

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United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics


Version V2 ()

  • V2 [2022-05-31]
  • V1 [2021-06-08] unpublished
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CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN THE UNITED STATES, 1973-2019 provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death, as well as those who had their sentences commuted or vacated and prisoners who were executed. This study examines basic sociodemographic classifications including age, sex, race and ethnicity, marital status at time of imprisonment, level of education, and state and region of incarceration. Criminal history information includes prior felony convictions and prior convictions for criminal homicide and the legal status at the time of the capital offense. Additional information is provided on those inmates removed from death row by yearend 2019. The dataset consists of one part which contains 9,617 cases. The file provides information on inmates whose death sentences were removed in addition to information on those inmates who were executed. The file also gives information about inmates who received a second death sentence by yearend 2019 as well as inmates who were already on death row.

United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-2019. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2022-05-31.

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics


Access to these BJS-sponsored data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a NACJD Restricted Data Use Agreement available from the ResearchDataGov website, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

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Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

1973 -- 2019
  1. The inmate identification numbers were assigned by the Bureau of the Census and have no purpose outside this data collection.



All inmates on death row since 1973 in the United States.


official prison records



2022-05-31 The data provider updated the data for one record. Values were recoded for V27, V31, V32, V33, and V37 if V6 (inmate id) =4658.



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