The purpose of this study was to assess whether parent participation in the Parents Anonymous program was associated with child maltreatment outcomes and their change in risk and protective factors.
This was a two-tiered study with both quantitative and qualitative data analysis.
For the quantitative section group facilitators were given a survey to complete regarding their: education, nature of their position, whether or not they are paid or volunteers. In this questionnaire no information was collected regarding the Parents Anonymous program. Facilitators would then disperse a group assessment survey to gather information on variables including: leadership, mutual support, and demographics. The survey was provided in both English and Spanish and was designed to measure factors related to theoretical philosophy of Parents Anonymous. The survey was given one month into the program and again at 6 months. Maton's Mutual Support Scale was used to evaluate responses.
For the qualitative portion of the study, three individual phone interviews were conducted. The first interview happened at the very beginning of the program followed by a 1 month phone interview and finally an interview 6 months into the program.
A two-tiered sampling strategy was used: group level and individual level. The Parents Anonymous, Inc. national office provided contact information for all active groups across the country. Eligible group members were contacted via the group facilitator and asked to complete the assessment. Groups whose group facilitators and members agreed to participate were assessed with the group assessment questionnaire at two points.
Parents involved in the Parents Anonymous program
This study contains 3 data files. The first file contains 8 variables and 59 cases. Some of the variables in this file include: Group facilitator level of education, source of funding for facilitator position, how facilitators heard about Parents Anonymous.
The second file contains 158 variables and 583 cases. Some of the variables in this file include: Do you feel supported by the group?, How do you contribute to the group?, How many times have you been to these meetings?, How many children do you have?, How old are they?, what is your race?
The third file has 2212 variables and 206 cases. Some examples of variables within the file are: How many children do you have?, Who do your children live with?, employment status?, How much income do you bring to the household?, Have you ever struggled with addiction?, Do you ever struggle with mental illness?, If so how do you cope?.
Several Likert-type scales were used, and a variety of named scales related to parenting, life stress, conflict, quality of life, social support, alcohol and drug use, non-violent discipline tactics, and family assessment.