Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher 1): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013 (ICPSR 36722)

Version Date: Oct 10, 2022 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Carol D. Ryff, University of Wisconsin-Madison; David M. Almeida, Pennsylvania State University; John Z. Ayanian, University of Michigan; Neil Binkley, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Deborah S. Carr, Boston University; Christopher Coe, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Richard J. Davidson, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Joseph G. Grzywacz, Florida State University; Arun Karlamangla, University of California-Los Angeles; Robert F. Krueger, University of Minnesota; Margie E. Lachman, Brandeis University; Gayle D. Love, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Marsha Mailick Seltzer, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Daniel K. Mroczek, Northwestern University; Barry Radler, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Teresa E. Seeman, University of California-Los Angeles; Richard P. Sloan, Columbia University; Duncan Thomas, Duke University; Maxine Weinstein, Georgetown University; David R. Williams, Harvard School of Public Health



Version V5 ()

  • V5 [2022-10-10]
  • V4 [2018-10-22] unpublished
  • V3 [2018-05-04] unpublished
  • V2 [2017-11-20] unpublished
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MR1-MKE, MIDUS Refresher 1 Milwaukee

In 2012-2013, the MIDUS Milwaukee Refresher study recruited a sample of 508 Milwaukee African American adults, aged 25 to 64, designed to replenish the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS 2): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2005-2006 (ICPSR 22840). This sample was also designed to increase the number of racial minorities included in the broader MIDUS study. The MIDUS Milwaukee Refresher survey employed the same assessments (demographic, psycho-social, and physical and mental health) as those assembled on the existing MIDUS sample, but with additional questions about the effect of the economic recession of 2008-09. A sample of African Americans from Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, was stratified by age, gender, and income.

Area probability sampling methods were used to identify potential respondents. Field interviewers screened households to determine if they contained any African American adults. There was additional screening to achieve an appropriate age/gender distribution in a manner similar to what was done for the original MIDUS sample (Midlife in the United States (MIDUS 1), 1995-1996 [ICPSR 2760]). Milwaukee respondents were interviewed in their homes using a 2.5-hour Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) protocol and afterwards asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire (SAQ). All measures paralleled those used in the larger MIDUS samples. In addition to successful completion of the survey, participants were asked to complete a cognitive assessment by phone. Some respondents were eligible to participate in additional MIDUS projects: daily diary assessments, biomarker assessments, and neuroscience assessments.

Ryff, Carol D., Almeida, David M., Ayanian, John Z., Binkley, Neil, Carr, Deborah S., Coe, Christopher, … Williams, David R. Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher 1): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2022-10-10. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36722.v5

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (U19-AG051426)


This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, these data are restricted from general dissemination. Users interested in obtaining the data from NACDA must request and complete the Midlife in the United States: Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013, Restricted Data Use Agreement form. Users can download this form from the download page associated with this dataset. Completed forms with original signature(s) should be emailed to icpsr-nacda@umich.edu.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

2012 -- 2013
2012-07-02 -- 2013-05-07
  1. The variable MRID is the linking variable for the Aggregate Dataset and the Coded Text Dataset in this collection.

  2. For more information on the MIDUS Refresher Project, please see the MIDUS web site.
  3. The title of this study was changed from National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013, to Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013, on May 9, 2017.

  4. The title of this study was changed in September 2021 to reflect that it represents the first wave of the MIDUS Refresher project (MIDUS Refresher 1). The downloadable materials do not yet reflect this title update.


The sampling design was a stratified area probability sample of households in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. The sampling frame included Census tracts in which at least 40 percent of the population was African American. The Census blocks were stratified by income, with roughly half coming from tracts in which the median household income was $40,000 or greater, and the rest coming from tracts in which the median household income was below $40,000.

Longitudinal: Trend / Repeated Cross-section

Adult African American residents aged 25-64 in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.


The overall response rate for the in-person interview was 47.7 percent. The overall self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) response rate was 67.2 percent. Additional information is available in Appendix A of the Field Report for MIDUS Milwaukee Refresher Oversample.

Please see the "Documentation of Psychosocial Constructs and Composite Variables" for complete information regarding the scales for the MIDUS Refresher Milwaukee African American Sample data collection.



2022-10-10 An updated email contact and formatting changes were added to the Restricted Data Use Agreement.

2018-10-22 This collection has been updated to include a revised user agreement document.

2018-05-04 Study has been updated to include question text and to be fully processed.

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Ryff, Carol D., David M. Almeida, John Z. Ayanian, Neil Binkley, Deborah S. Carr, Christopher Coe, Richard J. Davidson, Joseph G. Grzywacz, Arun Karlamangla, Robert F. Krueger, Margie E. Lachman, Gayle D. Love, Marsha Mailick Seltzer, Daniel K. Mroczek, Barry Radler, Teresa E. Seeman, Richard P. Sloan, Duncan Thomas, Maxine Weinstein, and David R. Williams. Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher 1): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013. ICPSR36722-v5. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2022-10-10. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36722.v5

2017-11-20 This collection is being updated, per request from the PI, to reflect a title change; the corresponding downloadable files are only being updated to reflect the title change, where applicable.

2017-03-20 The data use agreement was added to the collection.



  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.