National Material Capabilities Data, 1816-1985 (ICPSR 9903)

Version Date: Apr 9, 1993 View help for published

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J. David Singer; Melvin Small


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This collection contains demographic, military, and industrial indicators for each international system member for the years 1816-1985. There are two identification variables and seven substantive variables, which include urban and total populations, military expenditure, military personnel, iron and steel production, and energy consumption. Each system member is also coded as a major or minor power for each year.

Singer, J. David, and Small, Melvin. National Material Capabilities Data, 1816-1985. [distributor], 1993-04-09.

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1816 -- 1985
  1. Column 13 of every record in the data file contains the numeral 3. This variable is not described in the codebook.


All countries in the world.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Singer, J. David, and Melvin Small. NATIONAL MATERIAL CAPABILITIES DATA, 1816-1985. Ann Arbor, MI: J. David Singer, University of Michigan, and Detroit, MI: Melvin Small, Wayne State University [producers], 1990. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993.