National Survey of Black Americans, Waves 1-4, 1979-1980, 1987-1988, 1988-1989, 1992 (ICPSR 6668)

Version Date: Nov 4, 2005 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
James S. (James Sidney) Jackson, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center; Harold W. Neighbors, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center


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The purpose of this data collection was to provide an appropriate theoretical and empirical approach to concepts, measures, and methods in the study of Black Americans. Developed with input from social scientists, students, and a national advisory panel of Black scholars, the survey investigates neighborhood-community integration, services, crime and community contact, the role of religion and the church, physical and mental health, self-esteem, life satisfaction, employment, the effects of chronic unemployment, the effects of race on the job, interaction with family and friends, racial attitudes, race identity, group stereotypes, and race ideology. Demographic variables include education, marital status, income, employment status, occupation, and political behavior and affiliation.

Jackson, James S. (James Sidney), and Neighbors, Harold W. National Survey of Black Americans, Waves 1-4, 1979-1980, 1987-1988, 1988-1989, 1992. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-11-04.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

  1. (1) Data for Wave 1 of this study supersede the data released in NATIONAL SURVEY OF BLACK AMERICANS, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8512). (2) Users should note that data for the "state and county" codes (Variables 1405, 1407, and 1410) were entered in COUNTY/STATE order and not STATE/COUNTY order, i.e., the first three digits are the county code and the last two digits are the state code. This is the reverse of how Note 3 of the codebook describes the interpretation of these variables. (3) Variables for Wave 2 begin at V3001, Wave 3 begins at V4001, and Wave 4 begins at V5001. (4) The codebook and questionnaires are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


National multistage probability sample. The sample is self-weighting. Every Black American household in the continental United States had an equal probability of being selected. Wave 1 was administered to 2,107 respondents, Wave 2 to 951 respondents (including 935 from Wave 1), Wave 3 to 793 respondents (including 779 from Wave 2), and Wave 4 to 659 respondents (including 1 from Wave 1, 28 from Wave 2, and 623 from Wave 3).

Black United States citizens 18 years of age or older.

personal interviews and questionnaires



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Jackson, James S. (James Sidney), and Harold W. Neighbors. National Survey of Black Americans, Waves 1-4, 1979-1980, 1987-1988, 1988-1989, 1992. ICPSR06668-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997.

1997-11-13 The SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been reissued, and the codebook is being released as a PDF file. PDF questionnaires for Waves 1-4 also have been added to the collection. The Crosswave Variable Listing is now machine-readable and is part of the PDF codebook.

1996-10-01 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).