Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC), 1995, 1998, 2001 [United States] (ICPSR 3334)

Version Date: Dec 15, 2005 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
John Mirowsky, University of Texas; Catherine E. Ross, University of Texas

Version V2

The Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC) was conducted during 1995, 1998 and 2001 and examined the relationship between age and changes in the sense of control over one's life. Part I contains data for Waves I and II. Respondents were queried about their physical health, including activities of daily living such as shopping, walking, and doing housework, along with medical conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, lung disease, breast cancer, diabetes, arthritis or rheumatism, osteoporosis, and allergies or asthma. Questions regarding mental health investigated difficulties staying focused, feelings of sadness or anxiety, and enjoyment of life. Respondents were also asked about their health behaviors, including use of tobacco and alcohol, frequency of exercise, use of medical services including insurance coverage, and the number of prescription medications used. Also examined was respondents' sense of control over their lives, including social support and participation, and history of adversity, which covered such topics as home or apartment break-ins or assaults, major natural disasters, unemployment longer than six months, and times without enough money for clothes, food, rent, bills, or other necessities. Demographic questions included age, sex, marital status, education, work status, marital and family relations, and socioeconomic status. Wave III (Part 2) was collected in 2001 and contains data on the same questions such as physical health, mental health and health behaviors.

Mirowsky, John, and Ross, Catherine E. Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC), 1995, 1998, 2001 [United States]. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-12-15.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (RO1-AG12393)
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
1995, 1998, 2001
1995, 1998, 2001
  1. (1) These are longitudinal data. Answers from the first wave of interviews in 1995 (N=2,593) were merged with those from the second wave in 1998 (N=1,378 reinterviewed). Wave II can be identified by the variable INTYR2. (2) Part 2 (Wave III N=1,444) can be merged with Part 1 on CASEID. The same questions were asked in all three waves.


Probability sample with oversampling of persons aged 60 and older.

English-speaking adults aged 18 or older in the United States.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Mirowsky, John, and Catherine E. Ross. Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC), 1995, 1998, 2001 [United States]. ICPSR03334-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-12-15.

2005-12-15 SAS and SPSS setup files for Part 1 have been updated. Wave III (Part 2) has been added.

2002-02-22 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).