Dunham's Data: Katherine Dunham and Digital Methods for Dance Historical Inquiry, Everyday Itinerary, 1947-1960 (ICPSR 37698)
Version Date: Oct 3, 2022 View help for published
Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Harmony Bench, Ohio State University; Kate Elswit, Royal Central School of Speech and Drama (Great Britain)
Version V3 (see more versions)
Summary View help for Summary
The Everyday Itinerary Dataset is the first public-use dataset in the Dunham's Data series, a unique data collection created by Kate Elswit (Royal Central School of Speech and Drama, University of London) and Harmony Bench (The Ohio State University) to explore questions and problems that make the analysis and visualization of data meaningful for dance history through the case study of choreographer Katherine Dunham.
It is a manually curated dataset of Katherine Dunham's touring from 1947-1960, encompassing Dunham's daily locations, travel, and performances every day over fourteen years of her most substantial period of consistent international touring. During this time, Dunham's personal and professional travels took her to 190 unique cities over 433 trips. This dataset tracks geographic location (with 97% of 5,110 days accounted for); and, less comprehensively, the accommodation in which Dunham stayed each night; the theatres, nightclubs, television studios, and other places where she and the company performed; the modes of transportation used when travel occurred; additional transit cities through which she passed; and whether or not Dunham was likely to be in rehearsals or giving public performances.
Dunham's Data: Digital Methods for Dance Historical Inquiry is funded by the United Kingdom Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC AH/R012989/1, 2018-2022) and is part of a larger suite of ongoing digital collaborations by Bench and Elswit, Movement on the Move. The Dunham's Data team also includes digital humanities postdoctoral research assistant Antonio Jiménez-Mavillard and dance history postdoctoral research assistants Takiyah Nur Amin and Tia-Monique Uzor.
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Subject Terms View help for Subject Terms
Geographic Coverage View help for Geographic Coverage
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For further information, please see the Dunham's Data website.
To view the interactive visualizations, please visit the Dunham's Data research blog.
Study Purpose View help for Study Purpose
The purpose of this study is to invesitgate the use of data analysis in dance history through a project that centers on the case study of African American choreographer Katherine Dunham (1909-2006). While digital methods have altered the landscape of most humanities and arts disciplines, the field of dance studies has yet to fully identify how it can benefit from these analytic approaches. Through the specific line of research ragarding Dunham, the project addresses the original problems and questions of dance history that can be advanced through an innovative, critical, mixed-methods approach that includes geographical mapping and network analysis. Using digital research methods and data visualization in the context of dance history can catalyse a better understanding of how dance movements are shared and circulated among people and continents, and the networks of support and influence that undergird artistic and economic success.
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Description of Variables View help for Description of Variables
Everyday Itinerary 1947-60 Data: This manually curated itinerary catalogues where Katherine Dunham was every day from 1947-60. In these four years alone, Dunham passed through at least 71 cities over 134 trips across four continents. This dataset tracks geographic location and, less comprehensively, the accommodation in which Dunham stayed each night (the theatres, nightclubs, television studios, and other places she and the company performed), the modes of transportation used when travel occurred, additional transit cities through which she passed, and whether or not Dunham was likely to be in rehearsals or giving public performances. Writing and datasets are equally co-authored by Harmony Bench and Kate Elswit; name order is alphabetical. This data can be explored as an interactive timeline visualization on the Dunham's Data website.
Everyday Itinerary 1947-60 Grouped Cities Data: This is an adaptation of the main dataset "Everyday Itinerary Dataset, 1947-60". The only difference with respect to the original version is that locations are grouped by proximity. If the geodesic distance between two or more locations is less than a specific threshold, the researchers grouped them in one single location with a common name. This threshold was calculated empirically for this particular dataset and set to 15 km / 9.32 miles. The researchers considered distance, terrain, and geopolitical situation of the considered areas. The resulting grouped areas are: Port-au-Prince and Petion-Ville under the common denomination "Port-au-Prince". Los Angeles, Hollywood, and Beverly Hills under the common denomination "Los Angeles area".
Stay-Lengths 1947-60 Data: This dataset is based on "Everyday Itinerary Dataset, 1947-60". It groups every single day of Dunham's itinerary into stays. A stay is a visit to a place and its length is calculated as the number of consecutive nights spent in that place. Basic columns: CITY & COUNTRY: City visited and its country. START_DATE: Arrival and departures dates for this stay in the city. N_ROWS: Number of consecutive rows (each row represents a day) in which this city is the value for the column "CITY1" on the previous "Everyday Itinerary 1947-60 Grouped Cities Data". LAST_MOMENT: Last likely moment spent in the city with respect to the last night spent. The two possible values are: "Probably that night" if "CITY2" is blank on the last row. The researchers assumed they stay overnight if there was no certainty that they travelled. In this case, the last row corresponds to the last night spent in the city. "The next morning" if the value for "CITY2" is different from "CITY1". The second-to-last row corresponds to the last night spent on the city, while the last row indicates they travelled the following day in the morning. Due to the uncertainty created by the information (or lack of it) contained on "CITY2", the stay length ranges between two values: MIN_NIGHTS: Certain number of nights spent in the city, regardless the value for "CITY2". It is always equal to either N_ROWS (when "CITY2" is not blank on the last row and the LAST_MOMENT was "The next morning") or N_ROWS minus 1 (when "CITY2" is blank on the last row and the LAST_MOMENT was "Probably that night", meaning they travelled in the morning and did not spent the night on their last day). MAX_ROWS: Likely number of nights spent in the city, under the assumption that a blank value for "CITY2" on the last row means they probably stayed that night. Other columns: LATITUDE & LONGITUDE: Geographic coordinates of the city.Hide
Original Release Date View help for Original Release Date
Version History View help for Version History
2022-10-03 All associated datasets have been updated and a User Guide has been added. The Summary field and Description of Variables field in the metadata have also been updated.
2020-09-21 Added user guide to the documentation
2020-07-30 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed consistency checks.
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.