High School and Beyond, 1980: Sophomore and Senior Cohort First Follow-Up (1982) (ICPSR 8297)

Version Date: Feb 16, 1992 View help for published

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United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics



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This data collection provides the second wave of data in a longitudinal, multi-cohort study of American youth conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) on behalf of the National Center for Education Statistics. The first wave of data was collected in 1980 (ICPSR 7896) and the third wave was collected in 1984 (ICPSR 8443). Student identification numbers included in each record permit data from these surveys to be merged with other High School and Beyond files. The base-year (1980) study incorporated student data from both cohorts into one file. Due to the more complex design of the First Follow-Up and a resulting increase in the volume of available data, separate files have been created for the two cohorts. The sophomore cohort portion of this collection replicates nearly all of the types of data gathered in the base-year study (ICPSR 7896), including students' behavior and experiences in the secondary school setting, outside employment, educational and occupational aspirations and expectations, personal and family background, and personal attitudes and beliefs. Also, the same cognitive test was administered in the base-year and follow-up surveys. The senior cohort portion, in contrast, emphasizes postsecondary education and work experiences. Education data include the amount and type of school completed, school financing, aspirations, and non-school training. Information is also provided on labor force participation and aspirations, military service, and financial status. The senior cohort did not take the cognitive test for the follow-up survey. Both cohorts provide demographic data such as age, race, sex, and ethnic background. The Transcripts Survey provides information on individual students such as the type of high school program, the student's grade point average, attendance, class rank and size, and participation in special education programs, plus course-oriented data such as the year a course was taken, the type of course, credit earned, and grades received. The Offerings and Enrollments Survey file contains data on each school in the sample and include variables such as size and type of institution, type of schedule used, ethnic composition of the faculty and student body, busing, types of programs and specific courses offered, school facilities, number of handicapped students, and school staffing. In addition, information is provided on academic and disciplinary policies, and perceived problems in the school. The Local Labor Market Indicators file contains economic and labor market data for the geographical area of each school in the sample, given both by county and by Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The School Questionnaire file incorporates data elements from both the Base-Year School Questionnaire and the First Follow-up School Questionnaire, along with other information from sampling files, into a single record for each school. Topics include institutional characteristics such as total enrollment, average daily attendance rates, dropout rates, remedial programs, provisions for handicapped and disadvantaged students, participation in federal programs, teacher retention and absenteeism, per-pupil expenditures, school rules and policies, and ownership and funding of nonpublic schools.

United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics. High School and Beyond, 1980:  Sophomore and Senior Cohort First Follow-Up (1982). Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08297.v3

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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

1980 -- 1982
  1. There are two distinct types of records in the Transcripts and the Offerings and Enrollments files: for each case, there is a Type 1 record that contains information for a single student or school. Immediately following each Type 1 record are one or more Type 2 records, each of which provides data on a single course taken by the student or offered by the school. Because the number of courses may vary, the length of the combined Type 2 records varies as well. Therefore these two files are written in variable blocked format. In both of these files the total number of records greatly exceeds the number of cases: the Transcripts file has a total of 471,330 records, and the Offerings and Enrollments file has 142,290 records.


The base-year High School and Beyond Survey (ICPSR 7896) used a stratified, disproportionate probability sample of 1,122 schools selected from a sampling frame of 24,725 high schools. Within each school, 36 seniors and 36 sophomores were randomly chosen. For the First Follow-Up, the National Opinion Research Center attempted to survey all 1980 sophomores and a subsample of 1980 seniors who participated in the base-year survey. Supplementary questionnaires were utilized for those 1980 sophomores who were not currently attending any school, had transferred to other schools, or had graduated early. The Transcripts Survey includes every secondary-school course taken by a sub-sample of the sophomore cohort. The Course Offerings and Enrollments Survey contains data from schools that were selected as first-stage sample units (clusters) for the sampling of students in the base-year survey, and in which sophomore High School and Beyond students were actively enrolled during the 1981-1982 academic year. For the Local Labor Market Indicators file, economic variables were derived from data provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis. For the School Questionnaire file, follow-up data were requested from all base-year schools that were still in existence as independent institutions and that had members of the 1980 sophomore cohort currently enrolled. Follow-up data were not collected from schools that had closed, merged with other schools, or had no 10th or 12th grade students during the base year, nor from schools to which students transferred as individuals. However, in 17 instances students from a base-year school were transferred en masse to a new school, and school questionnaires were sought from these new schools. These 17 schools do not have weights as their selection probabilities are unknown.

The universe for this collection consists of all persons in the United States who were high school sophomores or seniors in 1980.

self-enumerated forms, cognitive tests, and employment and economic data published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics. High School and Beyond, 1980: Sophomore and Senior Cohort First Follow-Up (1982). ICPSR08297-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1984-11-14. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08297.v3