Slave Sales and Appraisals, 1775-1865 (ICPSR 7421)

Version Date: Oct 11, 2006 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Robert W. Fogel, University of Rochester; Stanley L. Engerman, University of Rochester


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This study presents data pertaining to slave sales and appraisals that took place from 1775 to 1865 in eight states of the southern United States: Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi. The data were obtained from probate records on deposit in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Genealogical Society Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Variables document the sale locations and the appraised and sale values of the slaves, as well as the slaves' age, sex, occupational skills, and condition of health. A related study is SLAVE HIRES, 1775-1865 (ICPSR 7422), also prepared by Robert W. Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman.

Fogel, Robert W., and Engerman, Stanley L. Slave Sales and Appraisals, 1775-1865. [distributor], 2006-10-11.

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National Science Foundation

1775 -- 1865
  1. Variable 5, recording "Year in which Entry Occurred," has values ranging from 1742 to 1868.


Nonrandom, convenience sample.

Slave sales and appraisals in the southern United States (Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi) between 1775-1865.

probate records for the southern United States, on deposit in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Genealogical Society Library, Salt Lake City, Utah



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Fogel, Robert W., and Stanley L. Engerman. SLAVE SALES AND APPRAISALS, 1775-1865. ICPSR07421-v3. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester [producer], 1976. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2006-10-11.

2006-10-11 ICPSR has added value labels found in the original documentation from the principal investigators to the setup and data files. Variables V5, V7, V10, V12, V13, and V15 were reformatted as numeric variables. A PDF codebook was added and the metadata record was revised.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

1984-07-02 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.