Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2005-2006 (ICPSR 28241)

Version Date: Feb 29, 2012 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Ronald J. Iannotti, United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


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HBSC, 2005-2006

Since 1982, the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe has sponsored a cross-national, school-based study of health-related attitudes and behaviors of young people. These studies, generally known as Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), are based on independent national surveys of school-aged children in more than 40 participating countries. The HBSC studies were conducted every four years since the 1985-1986 school year. The data available here are from the results of the United States survey conducted during the 2005-2006 school year. The study results can be used as stand-alone data, or to compare with the other countries involved in the international HBSC. The HBSC study has two main objectives. The first objective is to monitor health-risk behaviors and attitudes in youth over time to provide background data and to identify targets for health promotion initiatives. The second objective is to provide researchers with relevant information in order to understand and explain the development of health attitudes and behaviors through early adolescence. The study contains questions dealing with many types of drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other substances. Other topics include questions about family composition, the student's physical health, and other health behaviors and attitudes. Some of these topics include eating habits, dieting, physical activity, body image, health problems, and bullying. A school administrator also completed a survey concerning the school's programs and policies that affect students' health and the content of various health courses.

Iannotti, Ronald J. Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2005-2006. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-02-29.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, United States Department of Health and Human Services. Health Resources and Services Administration. Maternal and Child Health Bureau

Users are reminded by the United States Department of Health and Human Services that these data are to be used solely for statistical analysis and reporting of aggregated information and not for the investigation of specific individuals.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

2005 -- 2006 (School year)
2005 -- 2006 (School year)
  1. Data were collected by The CDM Group, Inc., Bethesda, MD. Data were prepared for release by the Prevention Research Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

  2. To protect the anonymity of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded in the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use files.

  3. The school administrator survey has been split out as a second part for this wave of data collection instead of being appended to the student data. Users may wish to merge the two datasets together to perform additional analyses combining the administrator survey with the student survey. This can be done using the variable SCHL_ID.


The sample was a nationally representative sample, collected through a three-stage stratified design, with census divisions and grades as strata, and school districts (or a group of school districts) as primary sampling units (PSUs). African American and Hispanic students were oversampled to obtain better estimates for these groups.


The universe consisted of public, Catholic, and other private school students in grades 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 or their equivalent in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

individual student, individual school

A total of 529 schools were contacted during data collection. Information was obtained from 327 schools, but only data from 227 schools are contained in this PUF. The remaining schools were identified as ineligible schools. Within these schools, 10,577 students were eligible and 9,227 participated, yielding a student response rate of 87.2 percent. Of the 10,577 eligible on the day of the survey 565 declined to complete the survey. An additional 1001 were absent the day of administration; however, 216 of those absentees completed the survey when they returned to school.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Iannotti, Ronald J. Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2005-2006. ICPSR28241-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-02-29.

2012-02-29 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

For producing population-based estimates of means, totals, proportions, and ratios, each responding student in the sample was assigned a sampling weight. This weight combines a base sampling weight and adjustments for nonresponse at various stages. The base sampling weight assigned to a student (STU_WT) is the inverse of the probability of selection of the student. The probability of selecting a student is the product of the probability of selecting the PSU in which the school to which the student belongs is selected, the probability of selecting the school, and the probability of selecting the class of the student. Weights for each school and district are also present on the file.



  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


This study is maintained and distributed by the National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program (NAHDAP). NAHDAP is supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).