Eurobarometer 82.4: The European Parliament, Autonomous Systems, Gender Equality, and Smoking Habits, November-December 2014 (ICPSR 36664)

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European Commission


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Eurobarometer 82.4

The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology.

This round of Eurobarometer surveys covers the following special topics: (1) the European Parliament, (2) Autonomous Systems, (3) Gender Equality, and (4) Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes. Questions regarding the European Parliament (EP) included information on and the role of the EP, knowledge about European institutions and the EP, the present and future of the EP, European values and policies, European identity, and country specific media use. Respondents' opinions were collected regarding their awareness of, usage of, and attitude towards autonomous systems including robots, driverless cars, and civil drones. Respondents were also questioned about their perception of, attitude towards, and political priorities regarding gender equality and stereotypes, violence against women, and fields of inequality. Further questions were asked regarding smoking habits and various tobacco/nicotine products. Respondents were queried about their efforts to quit smoking, passive smoking inside, and banning advertisements for tobacco products. Lastly, respondents were asked about their socioeconomic position in society, whether their voice was being heard in the electoral system, and their opinions on if their home country and the European Union were generally going in the right or wrong direction.

Demographic and other background information collected includes nationality, occupation, left-right political self-placement, marital status, age when stopped full-time education, gender, age, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, self-assessed social class, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).

European Commission. Eurobarometer 82.4: The European Parliament, Autonomous Systems, Gender Equality, and Smoking Habits, November-December 2014. Ann Arbor, MI: GESIS [distributor], Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-03-22.

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GESIS, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2014-11-29 -- 2014-12-09
2014-11-29 -- 2014-12-09

The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European commission between November 29 - December 09, 2014. In some areas, fieldwork dates may vary slightly from this timeframe.

Related data collections:
  • Module QA on 'Public attitudes towards robots' partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 77.1 (ICPSR 34569)
  • Module QB on 'Gender equality' replicates a few questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 72.2 (ICPSR 28186)
  • Module QC on 'Smoking habits' partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 77.1 (ICPSR 34569)
  • Module QP 'Parlemeter 2014' largely replicates questions asked in Eurobarometer 79.5 (ICPSR 36243). The country specific items for qp17a to qp17d (TV channels, radio stations, daily newspapers, and websites) are currently only documented in the national field questionnaires. A systematic documentation will only be made available with the publication of the GESIS variable report.
Access to GESIS data and documentation, including the GESIS DOI, for Eurobarometer 82.4 can be found through the GESIS Data Catalogue. Additional information on the Eurobarometer Survey Series and the Eurobarometer data can be found at the GESIS Eurobarometer website and ZACAT, respectively.

The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density.

In order to do so, the sampling points were drawn systematically from each of the "administrative regional units", after stratification by individual unit and type of area. They thus represent the whole territory of the countries surveyed according to the EUROSTAT NUTS II (or equivalent) and according to the distribution of the resident population of the respective nationalities in term s of metropolitan, urban and rural areas. In each of the selected sampling points, a starting address was drawn, at random. Further addresses (every Nth address) were selected by standard "random route" procedures, from the initial address. In each household, the respondent was drawn, at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). All interviews were conducted face-to-face in people's homes and in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.

Please refer to the Technical Specifications within the Questionnaire, as well as the ZACAT website, for additional sampling information.

In all, the Eurobarometer interviewed 27,801 citizens in the 28 countries of the European Union after the 2013 enlargement with the accession of Croatia. All respondents have the respective nationalities of the 28 European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States, and are aged 15 and over. They are supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples are drawn for Great Britain and Northern Ireland as well as for East and West Germany.

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • European Commission. Eurobarometer 82.4: The European Parliament, Autonomous Systems, Gender Equality, and Smoking Habits, November-December 2014. ICPSR36664-v1. Cologne, Germany: GESIS/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2017-03-22.

2017-03-22 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

For each sample (country or lower level region) through the post-stratification weighting procedure a comparison is carried out between the sample composition and a proper universe description. The universe description is made available by the National Survey Research Institutes and/or by EUROSTAT. On the basis a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, is applied. As such in all countries, minimum sex, age, region NUTS II (basic regions as defined by the EUROSTAT nomenclature or territorial units for statistics), and size of locality are introduced in the iteration procedure. This post-stratification weighting is also referred to as redressement or non-response weighting. A design weight which would adjust for unequal selection probabilities (depending on the household size) is not made available. Please refer to the Weighting Information Document, as well as ZACAT, for additional weighting information.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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