Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), 2002-2004: Visit 06 Dataset (ICPSR 31181)

Published: Sep 24, 2014

Principal Investigator(s):
Kim Sutton-Tyrell, University of Pittsburgh; Faith Selzer, University of Pittsburgh; MaryFran Sowers, University of Michigan; Joel Finkelstein, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; Lynda Powell, Rush University. Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago; Ellen Gold, University of California-Davis; Gail Greendale, University of California-Los Angeles; Gerson Weiss, University of Medicine and Dentistry-New Jersey Medical Center; Karen Matthews, University of Pittsburgh


Version V1

The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), is a multi-site longitudinal, epidemiologic study designed to examine the health of women during their middle years. The study examines the physical, biological, psychological and social changes during this transitional period. The goal of SWAN's research is to help scientists, health care providers and women learn how mid-life experiences affect health and quality of life during aging. Data were collected about doctor visits, medical conditions, medications, treatments, medical procedures, relationships, smoking, and menopause related information such as age at pre-, peri- and post-menopause, self-attitudes, feelings, and common physical problems associated with menopause. The study began in 1994. Between 2002 and 2004, 2,448 of the 3,302 women that joined SWAN were seen for their sixth follow-up visit. The research centers are located in the following communities: Ypsilanti and Inkster, MI (University of Michigan); Boston, MA (Massachusetts General Hospital); Chicago, IL (Rush Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center); Alameda and Contra Costa County, CA (University of California-Davis and Kaiser Permanente); Los Angeles, CA (University of California-Los Angeles); Hackensack, NJ (Hackensack University Medical Center); and Pittsburgh, PA (University of Pittsburgh). SWAN participants represent five racial/ethnic groups and a variety of backgrounds and cultures. Demographic and background information includes age, language of interview, marital status, household composition, and employment.

Sutton-Tyrell, Kim, Selzer, Faith, Sowers, MaryFran, Finkelstein, Joel, Powell, Lynda, Gold, Ellen, … Matthews, Karen. Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN), 2002-2004: Visit 06 Dataset. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-09-24.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health (NR004061)

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (AG012495, AG012505, AG012539, AG012546, AG012553, AG012554)

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Nursing Research (AG012535)

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Office of Research on Women's Health (AG012531)


2002-03-15 -- 2004-02-15

2002-03-15 -- 2004-02-15

Additional information about the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation can be found at the SWAN Web site.

Using the variable SWANID, this dataset can be linked with the SWAN Cross-Sectional Screener (ICPSR 4368), Baseline Data (ICPSR 28762), Visit 1 Data (ICPSR 29221), Visit 2 Data (ICPSR 29401), Visit 3 Data (ICPSR 29701), Visit 4 Data (ICPSR 30142), Visit 5 Data (ICPSR 30501), Visit 7 Data (ICPSR 31901), Visit 8 Data (ICPSR 32122), Visit 9 Data (ICPSR 32721), Visit 10 Data (ICPSR 32961), and Family Medical History Data (ICPSR 30181).

Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation section of the ICPSR Codebook for information on study design.

Site-specific sampling frames were used and encompassed a range of types, including lists of households, telephone numbers, and individual names of women.

Longitudinal: Panel

Women age 40 through 55, living in designated geographic areas, with the ability to speak English or other designated languages (Japanese, Cantonese, or Spanish), who had the cognitive ability to provide verbal informed consent, and had membership in a specific site's targeted ethnic group were included within the first SWAN data collection.


clinical data

survey data

face-to-face interview

self-enumerated questionnaire

Response rates: 16,065 completed the survey; 3,302 enrolled in the longitudinal survey; 2,881 completed the first follow-up visit; 2,748 completed the second follow-up visit; 2,710 completed the third follow-up visit; 2,679 completed the fourth follow-up visit; 2,617 completed the fifth follow-up visit; and 2,448 completed the sixth follow-up visit.

Raw data can be used to create CES-D and SF-36 scores. In addition, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) Scores can be derived. The cognitive function tests such as the East Boston Memory Test (both immediate and delayed recall), Symbol Digits Modalities Test, and the Digits Backward Test are also collected.



2014-09-24 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data are not weighted.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

NACDA logo

This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).