National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

Old Age in the United States, 1880 (ICPSR 8427) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This data collection describes the social conditions of the older population of the United States in the late nineteenth century. Variables include personal characteristics such as age, sex, marital status, race, birthplace, number of children, and occupation of sampled older persons. Detailed information, extracted from the 1880 United States Census manuscript census schedules, is provided on household composition and family structure. In addition, occupational and ethnic characteristics of family heads appearing on the same sampled census page as the older person (on census pages grouped by street location) are reported. The data collection consists of three independent samples: (1) a national sample, (2) a Southern urban sample, and (3) a Southern Black sample. Older Blacks are over-represented in the Southern urban and Southern Black samples in order to focus on their family experiences in the urban and rural South.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS1:  National Sample - Download All Files (0.5 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
DS2:  Southern Urban - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
Documentation:
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DS3:  Southern Blacks - Download All Files (0.5 MB)
Documentation:
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DS4:  SAS Proc Format for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS5:  SAS Input for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS6:  SAS Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS7:  SAS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS8:  SAS Format for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS9:  SPSS Data List for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS10:  SPSS Variable Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS11:  SPSS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS12:  SPSS Value Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS13:  SAS Proc Format for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS14:  SAS Input for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS15:  SAS Labels for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS16:  SAS Missing Value Recode for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS17:  SAS Format for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS18:  SPSS Data List for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS19:  SPSS Variable Labels for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS20:  SPSS Missing Value Recode for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS21:  SPSS Value Labels for Card Image National Sample Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS22:  SAS Proc Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS23:  SAS Input for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS24:  SAS Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS25:  SAS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL for Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS26:  SAS Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS27:  SPSS Data List for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS28:  SPSS Variable Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS29:  SPSS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS30:  SPSS Value Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS31:  SAS Proc Format for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS32:  SAS Input for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS33:  SAS Labels for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS34:  SAS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS35:  SAS Format for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS36:  SPSS Data List for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS37:  SPSS Variable Labels for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS38:  SPSS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS39:  SPSS Value Labels for Card Image Southern Urban Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS40:  SAS Proc Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS41:  SAS Input for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup
DS42:  SAS Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS43:  SAS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS44:  SAS Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS45:  SPSS Data List for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS46:  SPSS Value Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS47:  SPSS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS48:  SPSS Variable Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS49:  SAS Proc Format for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS50:  SAS Input for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS51:  SAS Labels for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS52:  SAS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS53:  SAS Format for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS54:  SPSS Data List for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS55:  SPSS Value Labels for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS56:  SPSS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS57:  SPSS Variable Labels for Card Image Southern Black Data - Download All Files (0 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup

Study Description

Citation

Jensen, Richard, Daniel Scott Smith, Mark W. Friedberger, Michel R. Dahlin, and Janice Reiff. Old Age in the United States, 1880. ICPSR08427-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08427.v1

Persistent URL:

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (AG00350-02)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   aging, aging population, census data, demographic characteristics, families, family structure, household composition, nineteenth century, older adults, social environment, social life

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1880

Date of Collection:  

  • 1976--1978

Universe:   Noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 65 and older in 1880 for the sample, noninstitutionalized population aged 65 and older living in the urban South in 1880 for the Southern urban sample, and noninstitutionalized population aged 65 and older living in the South in 1880 for the Southern Black sample.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The age distributions are as follows: National sample: 65-74 (N = 1,049), 75-84 (N = 373), 85+ (N = 78). Southern urban sample: 65-74 (N = 564), 75-84 (N = 177), 85 and older (N = 47). Southern Black sample: 65-74 (N = 866), 75-84 (N = 265), 85+ (N = 78).

Methodology

Sample:   Three independent samples were drawn from the 1880 United States Census. Sample members were selected from clusters defined by manuscript census pages. The first sample was a stratified sample of the population aged 65 and older in 1880. Southern Blacks were oversampled in the other two samples. The Southern urban sample was drawn from 17 urban Primary Sampling Units (cities with populations over 4,000) and included 473 Blacks and 315 Whites. The Southern Black sample was drawn from 32 counties in the South and consisted of 804 Blacks and 405 Whites.

Data Source:

manuscript census schedules from the United States Census for 1880

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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