Mortality in Correctional Institutions: Jail Population Distributions, 2000-2019 (ICPSR 38038)
Version Date: Dec 16, 2021 View help for published
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United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics
- Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI) Series (Formerly Deaths In Custody Reporting Program (DCRP))
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Summary View help for Summary
The Mortality in Correctional Institutions series (MCI), formerly Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP), is an annual data collection conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The DCRP began in 2000 under the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-297). It is the only national statistical collection that obtains detailed information about deaths in adult correctional facilities. The MCI collects data on persons dying in state prisons, local jails and in the process of arrest. Each collection is a separate subcollection, but each is under the umbrella of the MCI collection. This deals with the local jails subcollection, which includes a jail populations file.
The jails portion of the Mortality in Correctional Institutions began in 2000 after the passage of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 in October of 2000. The original law lapsed at year-end 2006, but BJS continued to collect the data on a voluntary basis until the reauthorization of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Act in December of 2014. The jails component of the MCI collects data on deaths of inmates occurring in local jail facilities while inmates are in the physical custody of jail facility officials, even if they are being held for other jurisdictions.
This longitudinal dataset includes year-end estimates of the demographic characteristics of all jail populations at the national level. It does not include death data. Users interested in that data should refer to Mortality in Correctional Institutions: Local Jails, 2000-2019 (ICPSR 38036).
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Geographic Coverage View help for Geographic Coverage
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Sample View help for Sample
Population-level demographic data are calculated from national surveys of local jail inmate populations.
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Universe View help for Universe
Individuals incarcerated in local jail facilities.
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Data Source View help for Data Source
National Inmate Survey (NIS-2) (2008--2009)
National Inmate Survey (NIS-4) (2018--2019)
National Inmate Survey (NIS-1) (2003--2007)
National Inmate Survey (NIS-3) (2010--2017)
Survey of Inmates of Local Jails (2000--2002)
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2021-12-16 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.