Mortality in Correctional Institutions: Jail Populations, 2000-2019 (ICPSR 38037)
Version Date: Dec 16, 2021 View help for published
- Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI) Series (Formerly Deaths In Custody Reporting Program (DCRP))
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Summary View help for Summary
Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI)(formerly, the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP)) is an annual data collection conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The MCI began in 2000 under the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-297). It is the only national statistical collection that obtains detailed information about deaths in adult correctional facilities. The MCI collects data on persons dying in state prisons, local jails and in the process of arrest. Each collection is a separate subcollection, but each is under the umbrella of the MCI collection. This collection deals with the jail subcollection, which includes a jail populations file.
The jail portion of Mortality in Correctional Institutions began in 2000 after the passage of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 in October of 2000. The original law lapsed at year-end 2006, but BJS continued to collect the data on a voluntary basis until the reauthorization of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Act in December of 2014. The jail component of the MCI collects data on the death of any inmate in his/her custody, even if the inmate was being held for another jurisdiction, such as the state department of corrections, another state or county, or the federal government. Jail deaths include the death of any inmate sent outside the jail facility for medical, mental health or substance abuse treatment services, or for work-release programs. Deaths that occur while an inmate is in transit to or from the jail facility are included. Deaths of jail inmates on temporary furloughs or who escaped from the jail facility are excluded.
This longitudinal dataset includes year-end collections of population and admissions data from all jail jurisdictions nationwide annually, from 2000 to 2019. The file does not include death data. Interested users should see Mortality in Correctional Institutions: Local Jails, 2000-2019 (ICPSR 38036).
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Study Purpose View help for Study Purpose
Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI)is an annual data collection conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). It is the only national statistical collection that obtains detailed information about deaths in adult correctional facilities. This longitudinal dataset includes year-end collections of population and admissions data from all jail jurisdictions nationwide annually, from 2000 to 2019.
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BJS collects death records and year-end collections of population and admissions data from all jail jurisdictions nationwide annually.
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Universe View help for Universe
Jails in the United States
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Description of Variables View help for Description of Variables
For each year data was collected, the following information is available:
- Total Annual Admissions, by gender
- Total Confined Count, by gender
- Total Average Daily Population, by gender
- Indicator variables for whether a variable represents the actual value or an estimate
In addition, there are variables for the mean average daily population and the total sum average daily population across all years.
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An average of 98% of the approximately 2,800 jail jurisdictions in the United States have reported to the MCI since 2000.Hide
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Version History View help for Version History
2021-12-16 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Standardized missing values.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.