BJS compiled a frame of federal agencies employing officers with arrest and firearm authorities based on a 2016 Attorney General memo requesting information for the Federal Law Enforcement Deaths in Custody Reporting Program and the 2008 CFLEO. BJS contacted the agencies that were determined to be eligible to provide a point of contact for the study. After receiving the points of contact, BJS sent the census form to the agency contacts to obtain the requested information.
Data came from all federal agencies employing officers with arrest and firearm authority. However, this excludes law enforcement officers stationed in foreign countries and in the U.S. Armed Forces. Due to classified information restrictions, this does not include the Central Intelligence Agency or the Transportation Security Administration's Federal Air Marshal Service.
All federal agencies employing officers with arrest and firearm authority.
Staff members categorized based on arrest authority only, firearm authority only, arrest and firearm authority, and neither arrest nor firearm authority.
Race categories included White, Black, Hispanic, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, two or more races, and race unknown. Staff members were also categorized based on male and female within each race and by total number of males and females.
Staff functions included criminal investigations/enforcement, patrol, noncriminal investigation, corrections, security, and courts. Functional categories were further classified based on firearm and arrest capabilities.
Seventy-eight out of 86 eligible federal agencies were included for a response rate of 91%.