The purpose of this project was to advance the scientific understanding of predictors and risk factors for the Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in young adults through the utilization of a data set that combines:
- Strong development and dyadic theory
- Multi Method/informant longitudinal assessment of family, peer, couple, and adjustment factors across childhood, adolescence, young adulthood
- Several types of IPV as well as IPV-related injuries
- Cutting-edge data analytic techniques
Primary research aims were to: examine a theoretical mediational risk model, examine long-term intervention impacts of the LIFT program on IPV in young adulthood, and to examine proximal associations between youth, partner adjustment (e.g., depressive symptoms),and adulthood.
Data was collected over a 15-year period through interview format. Secondary analyses was performed with 323 adults (184 women, 139 men; average age 21 years) and their romantic partners (146 women, 177 men; average age 22 years)who participated in the community-based Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers (LIFT). This secondary analysis was used to examine pathways (i.e., prospective mediational models) predictive of Intimate Partner Violence. The models were based on Dynamic Developmental Systems theory, which specifies how family, peer, and adolescent adjustment factors, and how couple and young adult adjustment factors (proximal associations), are related to IPV. The long-term impacts of the LIFT prevention intervention, which was intended to prevent aggression during and following elementary school, on IPV were also examined.
LIFT participants were randomly assigned by school to either receive a short-term prevention program designed to reduce child aggression and other antisocial behaviors or services as usual. On average, 82% of participants completed assessments for any given yearly interview. When LIFT participants reached young adulthood, 323 (60%; 184 women, 139 men; average age 21 years) participated with a romantic partner or spouse (146 women, 177 men;6 average age 22 years) in a couple assessment with interviews and questionnaires, including IPV measures administered separately to participant and partner and observed dyadic interaction.
Young adults at risk of partner violence.
This study contains one data file- NIJArc LIFTCO SubUseIPVItems.sav. This data file includes 316 cases and 166 variables all regarding: Characteristics of the relationship with their partner, nature of relationship violence, and specific injuries caused my domestic disputes.
82% of respondents completed assessments for any given yearly interview.