Kenya Democratization Survey Project, 2006 (ICPSR 32041)

Version Date: Oct 13, 2011 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Steve B. Lem, Kutztown University; John Riley Jr., Kutztown University; Kristin Bremer, Kutztown University

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The Kenya Democratization Survey Project was designed to measure societal support for various constitutional reform proposals, support for the government under President Mwai Kibaki, and trust in the government more generally. The project attempts to measure the attitudes of Kenyan citizens on the democratization process during 2005-2006 period and assess the interplay between ethnicity, attitudes on constitutional reform, the economy, and foreign influence in Kenya. The survey consisted of three parts, Part I: Demographic Information, Part II: Political Perceptions, and Part III: Economic Perceptions and Land Reform. Part I provides variables including gender, marital status, number of wives if married, whether they live in an urban or rural area, native language, ethnicity, religion, highest level of education, and occupation. Part II includes questions pertaining to respondents interest in public affairs, satisfaction with Kenya's democracy, party identification, view of the current constitution's reflection of the values of the Kenyan people, how often the President ignores the constitution, trust in government institutions, perception of public officials' involvement in corruption, the level of respondent approval regarding the government's performance, respondent's view on the government's power, their opinion on changing or keeping the current constitution and on political reform, and the degree of their satisfaction with the current government's constitutional reform process. Part III contains questions concerning the respondent's rating of economic conditions (present and past), their rating of living conditions (present, past, and future), their level of occurrence having gone without basic necessities (such as food, water, medicines or medical treatment, fuel, and cash income), their view on land ownership by foreigners and women, and land seizure and arbitration by the government, their opinion of women holding political office, their stance on the local court's authority to protect local religious practices, their opinion on local religious courts ruling on issues such as marriage and divorce, and whether respondents or family members are HIV positive. In addition, respondents were asked whether they read the newly proposed constitution, and if and how they voted in the November 21, 2005 referendum.

Lem, Steve B., Riley Jr., John, and Bremer, Kristin. Kenya Democratization Survey Project, 2006. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-10-13.

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Kutztown University, Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education


Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2006-05-29 -- 2006-07-04
2006-05-29 -- 2006-07-04
  1. This survey was modeled after the Afrobarometer survey.

  2. The fieldwork dates in the data file are not consistent with the fieldwork dates in the "Producer Codebook" section of the ICPSR codebook.

  3. Variable RESPNO (Respondent number) has a duplicate value, 757.

  4. Variables Q63, Q64, and Q65 do not appear in the "Survey" section of the ICPSR Codebook; however, these variables are found in the data and the Producer Codebook.


The survey used stratified cluster sampling by targeting all seven Kenyan provinces (Central, Coastal, Eastern, Nairobi, North Easter, Nyanza, Rift Valley, and Western). Please refer to the "Producer Codebook" section of the ICPSR codebook for additional information on sampling.


Adult population of Kenyan citizens.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Lem, Steve B., John Riley Jr., and Kristin Bremer. Kenya Democratization Survey Project, 2006. ICPSR32041-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-10-13.

2011-10-13 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Curation and dissemination of this study is provided by the institutional members of ICPSR, and data is available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. To determine if you are at a member institution, check the list of ICPSR member institutions, or learn more about becoming a member.