European Election Study, 1989 (ICPSR 6146)

Version Date: Jan 12, 2006 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Erik Oppenhuis; Hermann Schmitt


Version V1

The 1989 European Election Study (EES-89) was conducted as a separately funded part of the Euro-Barometer survey series for the European Communities' Directorate-General for Information, Communication, and Culture--Unit Surveys, Research, and Analyses division. The Euro-Barometer surveys in which the EES-89 questions were included were Barometers 30, 31, and 31A. Variables in this data collection are restricted to those pertaining to the 1989 elections. They report respondents' attitudes toward important campaign issues, particularly those concerning the European Community and the coming 1992 Single European Market. Questions assessed respondents' support of and attitudes toward particular political parties. Another series of questions focused on access to information about the elections, and respondents' preferences for and opinions of the influence of varying sources of information, such as newspapers, news magazines, radio, television, polls, and personal discussions. Demographic variables include sex, date of birth, marital status, size of household and type of housing, number of children at home, occupation, family income, perception of social class, religion and religiosity, life satisfaction, and participation in civic activities, including voting in the 1989 elections.

Oppenhuis, Erik, and Schmitt, Hermann. European Election Study, 1989. Steinmetz Archive [distributor], Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12.

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Economic and Social Research Council (United Kingdom), Office of the French Prime Minister, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, University of Amsterdam, University of Mannheim (Germany), Steinmetz Archive (Netherlands), Volkswagen Stiftung (Germany), Fritz Thyssen Stiftung (Germany)

To provide funding agencies with essential information about the use of the data, each user of the data is expected to send two copies of each completed manuscript to: European Election Study Workgroup, c/o Steinmetz Archive, Herengracht 410-412, 1017 BX Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Steinmetz Archive, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
1988-11 -- 1989-06
  1. In addition to the variables which were commissioned by EES-89, this dataset also contains a number of other items from Euro-Barometers 30, 31, and 31A that pertain to the 1989 elections. Major differences exist, however, between the same data in the regular Euro-Barometers and in the EES-89. The EES-89 data have been further cleaned and codes standardized by staff at the University of Amsterdam in collaboration with the Steinmetz Archive, under the direction of the principal investigators. Incorrect codes have been identified and corrected, variable names and coding have been systematized, and summary variables were added to permit merging data across countries or waves. For instance, in contrast to the practice in the Euro-Barometer series, in the EES-89 data files VAR126 refers to information from one and the same interview question. Similarly, coding has been standardized across country data files wherever possible. The files in this collection comprise data gathered in 13 countries in three waves. Parts 1-39 are the 39 data files in raw ASCII format, and Parts 40-78 are the same files in SPSS export format.


Multistage national probability samples and national stratified quota samples.

Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and West Germany (including West Berlin), as well as in Northern Ireland.

personal interviews



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Oppenhuis, Erik, and Hermann Schmitt. European Election Study, 1989. ICPSR06146-v1. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Steinmetz Archive/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 1994.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 79 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

1994-03-10 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Curation and dissemination of this study is provided by the institutional members of ICPSR, and data is available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. To determine if you are at a member institution, check the list of ICPSR member institutions, or learn more about becoming a member.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.