American Health Values Survey, [United States], 2015-2016 (ICPSR 37403)

Version Date: Dec 7, 2021 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Larry Bye, National Opinion Research Center; Alyssa Ghirardelli, National Opinion Research Center; Angela Fontes, National Opinion Research Center

Version V4 ()

  • V4 [2021-12-07]
  • V3 [2021-04-20] unpublished
  • V2 [2020-10-12] unpublished
  • V1 [2020-07-30] unpublished

The American Health Values Survey was conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago in order to develop a typology of Americans based on their health values and beliefs. The survey examined values and beliefs related to health at both the individual as well as societal levels. The survey assessed the importance of health in day-to-day personal life (i.e. the amount of effort spent on disease prevention as well as appropriate seeking of medical care); equity, the value placed on the opportunity to succeed generally in life as well as on health equity; social solidarity, the importance of taking into account the needs of others as well as personal needs; health care disparities, views about how easy/hard it is for African Americans, Latinos and low-income Americans to get quality health care; and, the importance of the social determinants of health. In addition, the survey also explored views about how active government should be in health; collective efficacy, the ease of affecting positive community change by working with others; and health-related civic engagement e.g. the support of health charities and organizations working on health issues.

Bye, Larry, Ghirardelli, Alyssa, and Fontes, Angela. American Health Values Survey, [United States], 2015-2016. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2021-12-07.

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (71992)


Dataset 2 is restricted from general dissemination for reasons of confidentiality. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete an Agreement for the Use of Confidential Data, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research. Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR restricted data contract portal.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2015-06, 2016-02
2015-06, 2016-02
  1. For additional information on the American Health Values Survey, please visit the American Health Values Survey website.

More than 10,000 interviews were completed with U.S. adults aged 18 or higher. A dual-frame sampling design was used, combining an address-based sample (ABS) with a sample from AmeriSpeak, an NORC probability-based national household survey panel. Data were collected through the use of multiple methods, including self-administered web and mailed questionnaires as well as telephone interviews. Data were collected between June 2015 and February 2016 in both English and Spanish.


U.S. adults aged 18 or higher

Individuals, Other

ABS: 22.4 AmeriSpeak: 19.4



2021-12-07 This collection has been updated to include the User Guide.

2021-04-20 Added workshop training slides for both public and restricted datasets.

2020-10-12 Updated study to mask a variable in the public dataset.

2020-07-30 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Weights were created to ensure proper representation of the U.S. population. The study team created base weights that considered the original probabilities of selection. The study team also adjusted for non-resolution and non-response at the screening and interview stages. Finally, the study team implemented raking adjustments to control-totals from the Current Population Survey based on age, gender, race-ethnicity, educational attainment, and Census division (region). After the weights were calculated they were combined by assigning a factor to each sample type based on the total number of interviews contributed by each source. The study team then implemented an additional round of raking adjustments using the same control totals as in previous steps. In data analysis, the unweighted data were used for the cluster analytical work that generated the typology. The weighted data were used to describe group differences on the demographic, political and health status measures and for all other data analysis work including the preparation of sample-wide frequency distributions.



  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.