IPUMS Contextual Determinants of Health Series

The IPUMS Contextual Determinants of Health (CDOH) data series provides access to measures of disparities, policies, and counts, by state or county, for historically marginalized populations in the United States including Black, Asian, Hispanic/Latina/o/e/x, and LGBTQ+ persons, and women.

The IPUMS CDOH data are made available through ICPSR/DSDR for merging with the National Couples' Health and Time Study (NCHAT), United States, 2020-2021 (ICPSR 38417) by approved restricted data researchers. All other researchers can access the IPUMS CDOH data via the IPUMS CDOH website.

Unlike other IPUMS products, the CDOH data are organized into multiple categories related to Race and Ethnicity, Sexual and Gender Minority, Gender, and Politics. The measures were created from a wide variety of data sources (e.g., IPUMS NHGIS, the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Movement Advancement Project, and Myers Abortion Facility Database). Measures are currently available for states or counties from approximately 2015 to 2020.

Categories of data include:

  • Race and Ethnicity. The race and ethnicity data include variables representing the differences between Black and non-Hispanic white, Asian and non-Hispanic white, and Hispanic and non-Hispanic white for five county-level indicators: education, employment, income, homeownership, and residential segregation.
  • Sexual and Gender Minority. The sexual and gender minority data include several policies and policy-relevant indicators by state: proportion of population who are LGBTQ+, tallies of state-level policies that are harmful towards or protective of LGBTQ+ persons.
  • Gender. The gender data focuses on differences between men and women, primarily cis-men and women. Indicators include: state-level ratios of earnings, poverty rates, employment, women serving in state legislatures, and access to paid family leave.
  • Politics. The political data provides variables, by state and county, related to the proportion of votes cast for the Democratic and Republican candidates in the 2020 presidential election.