Wheelchair Use and Services in Kenya and Philippines, 2014-2015 (ICPSR 37136)

Version Date: Nov 14, 2018 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Eva Bazant, Johns Hopkins Program for International Education in Gynecology and Obstetrics



Version V1

The World Health Organisation recommends that services accompany wheelchair distribution. This study examined the relationship of wheelchair service provision in Kenya and the Philippines and wheelchair-use-related outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether wheelchair service receipt is associated with successful wheelchair use among adult, basic manual wheelchair users in less resourced settings.

Bazant, Eva. Wheelchair Use and Services in Kenya and Philippines, 2014-2015. Ann Arbor, MI: [distributor], 2018-11-14. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37136.v1

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United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (AID-OAA-A-11-00050)


2014-12 -- 2015-06
2014-12 -- 2015-06

The rationale for this study was two-fold. First, previous research has assessed the effects of some elements of wheelchair service provision, but has not distinguished among the effects of the main service steps outlined in the WHO guidelines. Second, general health care needs, the built environment, the social and cultural environment, and resources available to wheelchair users differ between higher- and lower- resource settings, and rigorous studies from low-resource settings are lacking.

Before being enrolled in the study, respondents anwered a screening question about wheelchair service history, which was designed to ensure the balanced participation of wheelchair users who received services with their current wheelchair (service group) and those who did not (distribution-only group). In addition to more than 800 quantitative surveys, the study team set conducted 24 analyzable in-depth interviews in each country, for a total of 48. Qualitative respondents were purposively selected based on their participation in the survey.

In Kenya, potential participants were drawn from organizational lists provided by (1) wheelchair-providing organizations such as faith- based organizations, NGOs, community-based organizations, and government hospitals; (2) organizations such as DPOs and schools whose members use wheelchairs; and (3) snowball sampling. In the Philippines, potential participants were drawn from lists provided by local government units (LGUs), which maintain lists of wheelchair users and provide wheelchairs directly to their citizens. Lists were also provided by a major wheelchair-distribution charity and by a unique NGO where wheelchair users live and work. Snowball sampling was also employed.


Adult users of manual, basic wheelchairs


27% in Kenya and 29% in the Philippines

A likert-type scales was used for some survey responses.



2018-11-14 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.