IEA Civic Education Study, 1999: Civic Knowledge and Engagement Among 14-Year-Olds in 23 European Countries, 2 Latin American Countries, Hong Kong, Australia, and the United States (ICPSR 21661)
Published: Nov 7, 2016
The IEA Civic Education Study (known as CIVED) is an international assessment of the civic knowledge and skills of 14-year-olds (8th and 9th graders) in 28 countries. Data were collected in 1999 under the auspices of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) headquartered in Amsterdam. Begun in 1958, IEA is a consortium of educational and social science research institutes in more than 50 countries. The IEA's International Steering Committee (University of Maryland, College Park) and an international Technical Advisory Group guided the research. The International Coordinating Center (Humboldt University of Berlin) coordinated the day-to-day operations and the IEA Data Processing Center (Hamburg, Germany) processed the data. The Study's National Research Coordinators developed an octagon model that guided the two phases of the study, the first phase a more qualitative set of case studies in 24 countries and the second phase a test and survey of students in 29 countries. This model gave special attention to macrosystem elements such as the country's history of democracy, transnational position, economy, and media. It also delineated ways in which civic education goals are carried into practice, especially the role of the formal community, informal community, school, peer group, and family. Publications from the study have addressed each of these theories and approaches and have been authored by educational researchers, civic education specialists, comparative scholars, political scientists, and psychologists. The following countries took part: Australia, Belgium (French-speaking), Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (SAR), Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. The sizes of the nationally-representative samples ranged from 2,076 students tested in Belgium (French-speaking) to 5,688 students tested in Chile. Civic achievement was measured by a total civic knowledge scale composed of two subscales: civic content and skills. Civic content refers to knowledge of civic concepts such as the characteristics of democracies, and civic skills refer to the interpretative skills needed to understand civic-related communication (e.g., to make sense of a political cartoon or an election leaflet). In addition, survey items measured students' concepts of democracy, citizenship, and government, attitudes toward civic issues such as immigrants' or women's rights, trust in governmental institutions, and several types of expected political and community participation. Students also answered questions pertaining to their background characteristics, their organizational participation, and the climate of their school and classroom. Item responses gathered from approximately 95,000 students in total and 22 scale scores developed with confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory are included on the file. Questionnaires also solicited background information from school principals and teachers.
International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany)
William T. Grant Foundation
Date of Collection
1999 -- 2000
Data Collection Notes
To compute Sampling variances, means, percentages, regression coefficients and their JRR standard errors, users are provided with SPSS macros. The four Jackknife SPSS macros (JackGen.sps, JackReg.sps, SampleJackGen.sps, and SampleJackREG.sps) are summarized in a single PDF file called 21661-Documentation.pdf. Users need to copy and paste the required macros and to run them as an SPSS syntax file.
An update to the study was performed in order to add survey question text to the codebooks, to make the data available for the online analysis formats, and to provide the data in the R statistical package as well.
For more information about the study, users should visit the IEA Civic Education Study website.
The User's Manual and Reports documentation are provided by the data producer as Portable Document Format (PDF) files.
The sampling consisted of a two-stage stratified cluster sample design where the first stage consisted of a sample of schools that had been stratified in a number of countries. The second stage consisted of a single civic education class selected from the target grade in sampled schools. It was also permissible to add a third stage where students were sampled within classrooms. The sizes of the nationally-representative samples ranged from 2,076 students tested in Belgium (French-speaking) to 5,688 students tested in Chile.
The universe was comprised of 14-year-old students in each of the following 28 countries: Australia, Belgium (French-speaking), Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (SAR), Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States
Unit(s) of Observation
Mode of Data Collection
Original Release Date
2016-04-01 Added survey question text to the codebook, made the data available for the online analysis formats, and provided the data in the R statistical package.
2016-11-07 Releasing an updated version of DS12 (Estonia) to correct for errors in the previous release.
2008-05-02 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Three weights are available in the CIVED dataset, all of which are designed to ensure national representation of the sample. The Total Weight (TOTWGT) sums to the population of 14-year-olds in the population of each country in 1999. The House Weight (HOUSEWGT) is a normalized version of the Total Weight that sums to the sample size in each country. The Senate Weight (SENWGT) sums to 1,000 in each country, and allows each country to be given equal weight in analysis while still retaining national representation. Further detail about the creation of these weights can be found in Chapter 6 of Schulz, W., and Sibberns, H., IEA Civic Education Study Technical Report, Amsterdam: IEA, 2004.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
This study is maintained and distributed by Civic Learning, Engagement, and Action Data Sharing (CivicLEADS). CivicLEADS provides infrastructure for researchers to share and access high-quality datasets to study civic education, civic action, and the relationships between the two.