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American Housing Survey, 1984: MSA File (ICPSR 9092)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


This data collection contains information from samples of housing units in 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Data include year the structure was built, type and number of living quarters, occupancy status, presence of commercial or medical establishments on the property, and property value. Additional data focus on kitchen and plumbing facilities, type of heating fuel used, source of water, sewage disposal, and heating and air-conditioning equipment. Questions concerning quality of housing include condition of walls and floors, adequacy of heat in winter, availability of electrical outlets, basement and roof water leakage, and exterminator service for mice or rats. Data on housing expenses include amount of mortgage or rent payments and costs of utilities, fuel, garbage collection, property insurance, and real estate taxes. Respondents who had moved recently were questioned about characteristics of the previous residence and reasons for moving. Residents were also asked to evaluate the quality of their neighborhoods with respect to such issues as crime, street noise, quality of roads, commercial activities, presence of trash, litter, abandoned structures or offensive odors, and adequacy of services such as police protection, shopping facilities, and schools. In addition to housing characteristics, some demographic information is provided on household members, such as age, sex, race, marital status, income, and relationship to householder. Additional data are available on the householder, including years of school completed, Spanish origin, and length of residence.

Series: American Housing Survey Series

Access Notes

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Birmingham, Alabama - Download All Files (40.94 MB)
DS2:  Buffalo, New York - Download All Files (41.134 MB)
DS3:  Cleveland, Ohio - Download All Files (40.984 MB)
DS4:  Indianapolis, Indiana - Download All Files (40.809 MB)
DS5:  Memphis, Tennessee - Download All Files (41.238 MB)
DS6:  Milwaukee, Wisconsin - Download All Files (41.029 MB)
DS7:  Norfolk, Virginia - Download All Files (41.266 MB)
DS8:  Oklahoma City, Oklahoma - Download All Files (41.674 MB)
DS9:  Providence, Rhode Island - Download All Files (41.578 MB)
DS10:  Salt Lake City, Utah - Download All Files (40.982 MB)
DS11:  San Jose, California - Download All Files (41.289 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. American Housing Survey, 1984: MSA File. ICPSR09092-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter- university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1989.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    commuting (travel), energy assistance, energy conservation, energy consumption, home ownership, housing, housing conditions, housing costs, housing occupancy, housing units, income, metropolitan statistical areas, municipal services, neighborhood conditions, property insurance, property taxes, property values, relocation, rental housing, utility rates

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Arkansas, Birmingham, Buffalo, California, Cleveland, Indiana, Indianapolis, Massachusetts, Memphis, Milwaukee, Mississippi, New York (state), Norfolk, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Providence, Rhode Island, Salt Lake City, San Jose, Tennessee, United States, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin

Time Period:   

  • 1984

Date of Collection:   

  • 1984

Universe:    Housing units in 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs).

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The Annual Housing Surveys have been renamed the American Housing Surveys by the Census Bureau. Beginning in 1984, the MSA survey comprises the survey previously known as the SMSA survey. Also beginning in 1984, the MSA samples were based on the 1980 Census rather than the 1970 Census. Consequently, users wishing to conduct longitudinal analysis will not be able to link the 1984 files with previous years, although such analysis will be possible with subsequent years through 1993.


Sample:    Samples of housing units from 11 MSAs were drawn from 1980 Census of Population and Housing records, and updated to include a sample of housing units constructed since 1980.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1989-09-26

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB9092.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.


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