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ANES 1952 Time Series Study (ICPSR 7213)

Alternate Title:   American National Election Study, 1952

Principal Investigator(s): Campbell, Angus, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center; Gurin, Gerald, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The 1952 National Election Study gauges political attitudes in general, along with attitudes and behaviors directly relevant to the 1952 presidential election. The interview schedule contained both closed and open-ended questions designed to collect data on a wide range of issues. Most respondents were interviewed both before and after the date of the election. The pre-election survey tapped attitudes toward political parties, candidates, and other specific issues, and inquired about the respondents' personal and political background. The post-election interview focused on the actual vote and voting-related behaviors. Additionally, a sub-sample of 585 respondents was administered a Form B re-interview obtaining further information about organizational affiliations, personal data, and non-political opinions and attitudes. A special emphasis was placed on the perception of group behavior, especially the perceived political preferences of family, friends, and associates.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Campbell, Angus, and Gerald Gurin. ANES 1952 Time Series Study. ICPSR07213-v4. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-11-10.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, government performance, information sources, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, special interest groups, Truman Administration (1945-1953), trust in government, voter expectations, voting behavior

Smallest Geographic Unit:    city

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1952-09--1952-12

Date of Collection:   

  • 1952-09-15--1952-11-02
  • 1952-11--1952-12

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    United States citizens 18 years of age and older living in private households in the coterminous United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.


Sample:    National multistage probability sample. For this sample, the 12 largest metropolitan areas of the United States were drawn with certainty to represent themselves. The rest of the country was divided into 54 strata. From each stratum, one primary sampling area was chosen. The 26 areas not representing "open country" were further sub-stratified according to rental value and dwelling units per block, and probability selections of blocks were then made from these substrata. Within each dwelling unit in the sample only one respondent was interviewed, as designated by an objective procedure of selection with no substitutions allowed.

Time Method:    Time Series: Discrete

Weight:    There are no weight variables in this dataset.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Response Rates:    1799 interviews were completed in the pre-election wave. 185 of these could not be re-interviewed post-election, but another 100 respondents who could not be interviewed pre-election were added in this second wave. The total number of cases for the study is therefore 1899, including 185 with only pre-election data and 100 with only post-election data. The 585 respondents in the Form B sub-sample were chosen at random from the entire sample. Please see V520003 for specific codes assigned to these various components of the sample.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-08

Version History:

  • 2016-09-20 The SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files as well as the SPSS and Stata system files and the SAS transport file were updated. A tab-delimited data file, and an R data file were added to the collection. The codebook was converted to PDF, and its content was updated.
  • 2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.
  • 1999-12-14 The data are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats, in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in this dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables also have been added. In addition, SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been created, the data collection instruments have been added to the collection as a PDF file, and the codebook has been replaced.

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