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National Maternal and Infant Health Survey, 1988: Longitudinal Follow-up, 1991 (ICPSR 6401)

Published: Mar 16, 1995

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics

Version V1

This follow-up to the NATIONAL MATERNAL AND INFANT HEALTH SURVEY, 1988 (NMIHS) (ICPSR 9730) consists of three components that provide information on early childhood morbidity and health. The Live Birth Survey (Part 1) obtained data on national health issues affecting children, such as child development, effects of low birth weight, childhood injury, child care, pediatric care, health insurance coverage, child safety, and acute and chronic childhood illnesses. For the Medical Provider Survey (Part 12), respondents to the Live Birth Survey were asked to provide the names of all medical providers and hospitals where their children were diagnosed, treated, and/or admitted. Each health care provider was asked to supply information on its organization, the child's health status and history, and each visit or hospitalization. The Fetal and Infant Death Survey (Part 21) interviewed women who were identified through the 1988 NMIHS as having lost a fetus or an infant during the study period. These respondents were reinterviewed to gather information about their health and about any pregnancies since their loss in 1988. The 1991 follow-up data can be merged with data from the 1988 NMIHS, which was designed to explore factors that cause negative pregnancy outcomes.

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics. National Maternal and Infant Health Survey, 1988: Longitudinal Follow-up, 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995-03-16.

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In preparing the data tape(s) for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects. As an additional precaution, NCHS requires, under Section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.

1988 -- 1991


Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS.

For the Live Birth Survey and the Medical Provider Survey, verbatim responses to open-ended questions are supplied in separate files designated as "Other, Specify." For the Live Birth Survey data, model SAS procedures are supplied to assist the user in analyzing these data using different samples.

The Live Birth Survey sample consists of women who had completed the baseline NMIHS questionnaire and whose children were alive at the time of the 1991 interview. African Americans and low birth-weight infants were oversampled in the NMIHS. The sample for the Medical Provider Survey was identified by Live Birth Survey respondents who indicated that one or more providers or hospitals had given care to their children after birth. The Fetal and Infant Death Survey sample consisted of 2,000 cases drawn from the NMIHS--1,000 infant death cases and 1,000 fetal death cases.

telephone interviews, mail questionnaires, and medical records


medical records

survey data




  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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