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ANES 1992 Time Series Study (ICPSR 6067)

Version Date: Jun 23, 2016 View help for published

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American National Election Study, 1992: Pre- and Post-Election Survey [Enhanced with 1990 and 1991 Data]

This study is part of a time-series collection of national electoral surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The American National Election Studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The 1992 National Election Study entailed both a pre- and a post-election interview. Approximately half of the study cases are empaneled respondents who were first interviewed in the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1990: POST-ELECTION SURVEY (ICPSR 9548) and later in the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY: 1990-1991 PANEL STUDY OF THE POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES OF WAR/1991 PILOT STUDY (ICPSR 9673). The other half of the cases are a freshly drawn cross-section sample. The panel component of the study design provides an opportunity to examine how the changing fortunes of the Bush presidency - from the high levels of approval at the start of the Gulf War to the decline in popularity after the onset of an economic recession - affected voting in the November 1992 presidential election. It also permits analysts to investigate the origins of the Clinton and Perot coalitions as well as changes in the public's political preferences over the two years preceding the 1992 election. The 1990 Post-election Survey used two forms of the data collection instrument, with about 75 percent of the content being the same on both forms. The survey included the standard National Election Studies battery of questions, along with items on presidential performance and the Persian Gulf conflict. Additionally, Form A contained questions relating to values and individualism, while Form B had items about foreign relations. In 1991, panel respondents were re-interviewed several months after the end of hostilities in the Persian Gulf, and in this second wave the survey repeated a subset of questions from the 1990 Post-election Survey, along with additional items especially relevant to the Gulf War. A number of contextual variables are also provided, including summary variables that compare the respondent's recall of his or her senator's and representative's vote on the use of force with that congressperson's actual vote. The content of the 1992 Election Study reflects its dual purpose, as a traditional presidential election year time-series survey and the third wave of a panel study. In addition to the standard or core content items, respondents were asked about their positions on social issues such as altruism, abortion, the death penalty, prayer in schools, the rights of homosexuals, sexual harassment, women's rights, and feminism. Other substantive themes included racial and ethnic stereotypes, opinions on school integration and affirmative action, attitudes toward immigrants (particularly Hispanics and Asians), opinions on immigration policy and bilingual education, assessments of the United States' foreign policy goals, and the United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf War. DS2: Nonresponse Bias Data File was designed to facilitate analyses of the causes and consequences of non-response. Of the 3,690 cases presented in the file, 2,485 are complete or partial interviews, 497 are refusals, 64 are no-contact, 213 are other types of non-interviews, and 431 are non-sample cases (including households without an eligible respondent).

Miller, Warren E., Kinder, Donald R., Rosenstone, Steven J., and University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies. ANES 1992 Time Series Study. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-06-23.

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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
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For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.

A national multistage area probability sample was employed for the 1990 Post-election Survey and the 1992 Pre- and Post-election Surveys. For the 1990-1991 Panel Study of the Political Consequences of the War, 615 respondents were not re-interviewed either due to panel mortality (e.g., they had moved or died), or were effectively non-sample for telephone re-interview because they were extremely hard of hearing, could not be reached by telephone, or needed to be interviewed in a language other than English.

Longitudinal: Panel, Time Series: Discrete

All United States citizens of voting age on or before November 6, 1990 (for those interviewed in 1990 and 1991), and on or before November 3, 1992 (for those interviewed in 1992 and 1993), residing in housing units other than military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.

survey data

The sample consisted of 1,769 respondents who had previously been interviewed in the 1990 ANES (the 1992 panel respondents), together with 1,515 fresh cross-section cases, for an eligible total of 3,284. Of these, 2,485 completed pre-election interviews (1,359 panel, 1,126 fresh cross-section), and 2,255 were re-interviewed in the post-election interview (1,250 panel, 1,005 fresh cross-section).


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Miller, Warren E., Donald R. Kinder, Steven J. Rosenstone, and University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies. ANES 1992 Time Series Study. ICPSR06067-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-11-10.

2016-06-23 The SPSS and SAS setup files as well as the SPSS system file and the SAS transport file were updated. Stata setups and a Stata system file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file were added to the collection. The individual codebooks and data collection instruments previously available for each dataset were updated and combined into single files to accompany both datasets.

2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.

1999-11-02 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. The codebook and SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been revised to reflect these changes and to incorporate changes previously noted in the April 1994 errata. In addition, the data collection instruments are now available as PDF files. Users should note that the frequencies are no longer being distributed with this collection.

1993-04-30 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

DS1: Main Data File: V923008 is a full-sample weight that compensates for unequal probabilities of selection for different size households, and for differential non-response across geographic sample design categories and between panel and cross-section respondents. It is post-stratified by age and sex. V923009 is a corresponding weight for use with the panel alone. V927000, the "time series" weight, adjusts only for panel aging and attrition, and should be used when comparing the panel cases or the total sample to previous unweighted studies. There are no weight variables in DS2: Nonresponse Bias Data File


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. Please see version history for more details.
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