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ANES 2002 Time Series Study (ICPSR 3740)

Published: May 11, 2016

Principal Investigator(s):
Nancy Burns, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; Donald R. Kinder, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies


Version V3

American National Election Study, 2002: Pre- and Post-Election Survey

This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The American National Election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The 2002 American National Election Study (ANES) is the first midterm year study to include a pre-election interview in addition to the standard post-election interview. It is also the first ANES study conducted entirely by telephone. Since ANES questions are generally designed for face-to-face interviewing, a number of time-series questions were modified to enhance the validity and reliability of data obtained through telephone interviews. Special content for 2002 includes questions on the terrorist attacks of 2001 and the presidential and military responses to the attacks, the election contest of 2000, as well as special modules on economic inequality, specifically gender and racial differences in jobs and income inequality. In a continuation of past topics, respondents were asked about their choice for president, the United States House of Representatives, and the United States Senate. Respondents were also queried about their approval of Bush's handling of the presidency, the economy, and foreign relations. Other questions included feeling thermometers on the United States Congress, the military, the federal government, political figures (George W. Bush, Dick Cheney, Al Gore, Joseph Lieberman, Ralph Nader, Bill Clinton, Colin Powell, John Ashcroft, Jesse Jackson, Laura Bush, and Hillary Clinton), and political constituencies (such as Blacks, Whites, conservatives, liberals, big business, people on welfare, Hispanics, Christian fundamentalists, older people, environmentalists, gay men and lesbians, and the news media). The 2002 ANES also includes questions on social trust, probing whether the respondent thought most people would take advantage of others if they had the chance or if they would try to be fair, and whether people try to be helpful or they are just looking out for themselves. Questions about civic engagement queried whether the respondent had worked with other people to deal with community issues, had communicated with a government official to express views, or had taken part in a protest, march, or demonstration during the past 12 months. In an evaluation of political participation, respondents were asked whether they had registered to vote, voted, tried to influence how others voted, watched the campaign on television, and whether they were contacted by either major party. Public opinion questions dealt with the government's role in securing jobs and a good standard of living for all people, and the degree to which the United States should concern itself with world problems. Respondents were also asked whether they were better or worse off financially than in the previous year and whether they thought the economy had gotten better or worse. Other questions inquired about tax cuts in general and the 2001 tax cuts in particular. Respondents' religious beliefs and participation, pride or shame in being American, and their take on corporate scandals were also assessed. Demographic variables include age, marital status, education level, employment status, household income, racial/ethnic background, religious preference, home ownership, and length of residency in community. DS2: ANES 2002 Time Series Contextual file contains contextual variables for the 2002 National Election Study. Biographical variables for the Democratic and Republican candidates and retiring incumbents include candidate's gender, race, educational background, and committee membership. Data on the incumbent president and party support are also included.

Burns, Nancy, Kinder, Donald R., and University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies. ANES 2002 Time Series Study. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-05-11.

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Carnegie Corporation

Russell Sage Foundation

University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research

University of Michigan. Office of the Provost

University of Michigan. Office of the Vice President for Research

Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement

congressional district

2002-09-18 -- 2002-12-06

2002-09-18 -- 2002-11-04

2002-11-06 -- 2002-12-06

For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.

The sample consisted of 1,807 respondents who had previously provided an interview in the ANES 2000 Time Series Study ("panel" respondents), together with fresh cross-section cases obtained by random digit dialing that included 921 eligible persons, for an eligible total of 2,733. The total sample of panel and fresh cases in this study constitutes an unweighted cross-section. Of these, 1,511 completed pre-election interviews (1,187 panel, 324 fresh cross-section) and 1,346 were re-interviewed in the post-election study (1,070 panel, 276 fresh cross-section).

Time Series: Discrete

United States citizens of voting age on, or before election day 2002.


survey data

The response rate for the pre-election interview was 55.8 percent (66.5 percent for the Panel and 35.2 percent for the Fresh Cross). The response rate for the post-election interview was 89.1 (90.1 percent for the Panel and 85.2 percent for the Fresh Cross).



2016-05-11 The SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as the SPSS and Stata system files, the SAS transport (CPORT) files, the ASCII text files and the tab-delimited data files for both DS1: ANES 2002 Time Series Study and DS2: ANES 2002 Times Series Contextual File have been replaced. R data files have been added to both DS1: ANES 2002 Time Series Study and DS2: ANES 2002 Times Series Contextual File. The codebook was updated to include ICPSR variable descriptions and frequencies for both DS1: ANES 2002 Time Series Study and DS2: ANES 2002 Times Series Contextual File.

2015-11-09 The study metadata was updated.

2008-07-10 Variables from the 2000 ANES have been removed, as the 2000-2002-2004 Full Panel File (ICPSR 4473) is now available and better suited for panel work. The Full Panel File contains data from all three studies in the panel: the 2000 ANES, the 2002 ANES, and the 2004 ANES Panel Study. All previous errata as of November 16, 2005 have been corrected. Since variables from the 2000 ANES were removed, corrections to these variables proved unnecessary. Various codebook corrections and format improvements were made. Corrections were made to V025019, V025019a variable labels and data. Corrections were made to post L1/L2 alternate wording variables. Created missing setup files for V001020a-c and V001021a-c.

2006-03-30 File CB3740.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

2003-12-11 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

There are two weight variables in DS1: ANES 2002 Time Series Study. V020101 is a full-sample pre-election weight which compensates for differential sampling or inclusion probabilities for respondents and for differential nonresponse across geographic sample design categories. It also provides a post-stratification adjustment by age and education groups. V020102 is the corresponding post-election weight adjusted for attrition. These weights may also be used by analysts interested in analyzing only the data for the panel respondents re-interviewed in 2002.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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