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American Housing Survey, 1998: Metropolitan Microdata (ICPSR 3174)

Version Date: Jul 10, 2007 View help for published

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United States. Bureau of the Census


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The metropolitan survey is conducted in even-numbered years, cycling through a set of 41 metropolitan areas, surveying each one about once every six years. This data collection provides information on the characteristics of a metropolitan sample of housing units including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, and vacant housing units. The data are presented in eight separate parts: Part 1, Housing Unit Record (Main Record), Part 2, Mortgages (Owners Only), Part 3, Manager and Owner Record (Renters Only), Part 4, Person Record, Part 5, Ratio Verification, Part 6, Mover Group Record, Part 7, Recodes (One Record per Housing Unit), and Part 8, Weights. Data include year the structure was built, type and number of living quarters, occupancy status, access, number of rooms, presence of commercial establishments on the property, and property value. Additional data focus on kitchen and plumbing facilities, types of heating fuel used, source of water, sewage disposal, heating and air-conditioning equipment, and major additions, alterations, or repairs to the property. Information provided on housing expenses includes monthly mortgage or rent payments, cost of services such as utilities, garbage collection, and property insurance, and amount of real estate taxes paid in the previous year. Also included is information on whether the household received government assistance to help pay heating or cooling costs or for other energy-related services. Similar data are provided for housing units previously occupied by respondents who had recently moved. Additionally, indicators of housing and neighborhood quality are supplied. Housing quality variables include privacy of bedrooms, condition of kitchen facilities, basement or roof leakage, breakdowns of plumbing facilities and equipment, and overall opinion of the structure. For quality of neighborhood, variables include use of exterminator services, existence of boarded-up buildings, and overall quality of the neighborhood. In addition to housing characteristics, some demographic data are provided on household members, such as age, sex, race, marital status, income, and relationship to householder. Additional data provided on the householder include years of school completed, Spanish origin, length of residence, and length of occupancy.

United States. Bureau of the Census. American Housing Survey, 1998: Metropolitan Microdata. Ann Arbor, MI: [distributor], 2007-07-10.

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Houston, TX PMSA

Birmingham, AL MSA

Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA

Boston, MA-NH CSMA

Baltimore, MD MSA

Rochester, NY MSA

San Jose, CA PMSA

Salt Lake City, UT MSA

Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL MSA

Providence-Pawtucket-Warwick, RI-MA PMSA

Oakland, CA PMSA

San Francisco-Oakland, CA PMSA

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA

Washington DC-MD-VA MSA

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA

1998-03-02 -- 1998-11-16
(1) Beginning in 1997, the methods of collecting and processing American Housing Survey (AHS) data were redesigned. All interviews are conducted using computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) software, allowing new responses to some questions. Rather than existing as a single file, this collection consists of nine parts, each containing data pertaining to a specific subject-matter. In addition, data for building and neighborhood questions ceased to be collected through interviewer observation. Rather, these questions have been reworded for the respondents. Due to these changes, users are asked to use caution when comparing data prior to 1997 with data from 1997 forward. For further information about the redesign, please refer to DOCUMENTATION OF CHANGES IN THE 1997 AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY, available with the data collection, AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY, 1997: NATIONAL MICRODATA (ICPSR 2912). (2) Additional information about the American Housing Survey can be found at the HUD USER Web site and the U.S. Census Bureau Web site.

For more information about sampling, please see Appendix B in CURRENT HOUSING REPORTS, 1998, for each metropolitan area sampled, which is included with this collection.

Housing units among 15 metropolitan areas, most of which are consistent with the 1993 Office of Management and Budget definition of a metropolitan statistical area (MSA), consolidated metropolitan statistical area (CMSA), or primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA), in the United States.

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • United States. Bureau of the Census. AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY, 1998: METROPOLITAN MICRODATA. ICPSR03174-v1. Washington, DC: United States. Bureau of the Census [producer], 2000. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-07-10.

2007-07-10 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Please review the "Sample Status, Weights, Interview Status" section in the ICPSR codebook for this American Housing Survey, as well as Appendix B in CURRENT HOUSING REPORTS, 1998, for each metropolitan area sampled, which is included with this collection.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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