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National Health Interview Survey on Disability, 1994: Phase II, Adult Followback (ICPSR 2568)

Published: Dec 7, 1998

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics


Version V1

The purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. The National Health Interview Survey on Disability (NHIS-D), first administered in 1994, was designed to collect data that can be used to understand disability and develop public policy. Another goal of this survey was to find a balance among medical, administrative, and social issues involved in disability measurement. The 1994 NHIS-D was conducted in two phases. Phase I was administered at the same time as the 1994 NHIS core. The Phase I Disability questionnaire elicited information on disability and was used as a screening device for Phase II. Phase II has two parts, a Child file and an Adult file. The Adult Followback file includes questions on housing and long-term care services, transportation, social activity, work history/employment, vocational rehabilitation, assistive devices and technologies, health insurance, assistance with key activities, other services, self-direction, family structure, relationships, living arrangements, conditions and impairments, health opinions and behaviors, community services, and proxy status. This file can be linked to the 1994 NHIS core data (ICPSR 6724). In addition, it can be linked to NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY ON DISABILITY, 1994: PHASE I, PERSON AND CONDITION DATA (ICPSR 2562), NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1994: ACCESS TO CARE SUPPLEMENT (ICPSR 6874), and NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1994: HEALTH INSURANCE SUPPLEMENT (ICPSR 6873).

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey on Disability, 1994:  Phase II, Adult Followback. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1998-12-07.

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In preparing the data file for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects. As an additional precaution NCHS requires, under Section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.



Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS.

Persons 18 years or older were selected to participate in Phase II based on their responses to questions on disability in Phase I and their responses to other parts of the NHIS that dealt with activity limitation and receipt of disability benefits.

Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

personal interviews

survey data




  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).