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Detroit Area Study and Chicago Area Study, 2004 (ICPSR 23820)

Principal Investigator(s): Farley, Reynolds, University of Michigan. Sociology Department; Krysan, Maria, University of Illinois-Chicago; Couper, Mick P., University of Michigan. Survey Methodology Program


The 2004 Detroit Area Study (DAS) is a face-to-face survey of adults in the Detroit, Michigan tri-county area. The 2004 Chicago Area Study (CAS) is a parallel survey conducted in Chicago, Illinois. Topics in this survey addressed racial issues, residence and housing, neighborhood evaluations, racial attitudes, labor market issues, and racial segregation in the Detroit and Chicago areas. Respondents were asked for opinions on their local and surrounding communities, their experiences searching for housing, feelings about possible relocation, and opinions on the redevelopment of neighborhoods in the city of Detroit and the city of Chicago. Other questions addressed the household's financial situation, home ownership, amount of household debts and assets, and history of receiving public assistance. Information was also collected on the types of schools children in the household attended, whether respondents and their parents were born in the United States, and languages spoken at home. Interviewer observations about the condition of the respondent's neighborhood were also included. Demographic variables include respondent's sex, age, marital/cohabitation status, United States citizenship status, political philosophy, household income, number of children in the household, and the race, ethnicity, education level, and employment status of respondents and their spouses or partners.

Series: Detroit Area Studies Series

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Study Description


Farley, Reynolds, Maria Krysan, and Mick P. Couper. Detroit Area Study and Chicago Area Study, 2004. ICPSR23820-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-04-01.

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This study was funded by:

  • University of Michigan. College of Literature, Science, and the Arts
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center
  • Ford Foundation
  • National Science Foundation (SES-0317730)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (1R03HD051677-01A1)
  • University of Illinois at Chicago

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, cities, citizenship, communities, debt, economic behavior, education, families, home ownership, household income, housing, housing conditions, housing costs, housing needs, labor markets, neighborhood conditions, neighborhoods, political philosophy, public assistance programs, race, racial attitudes, racial discrimination, racial segregation, real estate, relocation, residential segregation

Smallest Geographic Unit:    county

Geographic Coverage:    Chicago, Detroit, Illinois, Michigan, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2004

Date of Collection:   

  • 2004-04-03--2005-08-11

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Adult residents of the Detroit Tri-County area and the Chicago Cook County area.

Data Type(s):    experimental data, survey data



For the Detroit Area Study (DAS), A stratified multistage area probability sample was drawn from the master sample. At the first stage, area segments were selected with probability proportionate to size (PPS) with measures of size (MOS) based on the number of households using data from the 2000 United States Census data for counties. Segments were assigned to four strata by racial composition. Interviewers made face-to-face contact with sample households and took a household listing. One adult household member (21 years or older) was randomly chosen as the respondent, using a Kish table.

Similar to DAS, the sample design for the Chicago Area Study (CAS) was a stratified, multistage design with five strata. At the first stage all census blocks in Cook County were clustered into 14,186 Primary Sampling Units (PSU). Each Unit was assigned to one of the 5 strata by racial composition. The data were collected via face-to-face interviews. One eligible adult (21 years or older) was randomly sampled from each household, using the Kish method of respondent selection.

Please refer to the codebook documentation for more information on sampling.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    The data are not weighted and users should weight the data prior to analysis. The data contain two weight variables: CASDAS_SAMPLEWGT (combined normalized sample weights) and CASDAS_POP_WGT (combined population weights). The data also contain a Sampling Error Variable SECU, which should be applied prior to analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), computer-assisted self interview (CASI), face-to-face interview, paper and pencil interview (PAPI)

Response Rates:    56 percent in Detroit area, 47 percent in Chicago

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2009-04-09

Version History:

  • 2016-04-01 58 new variables and respondents from the Chicago Area were added to the study.

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