Really Cool
    Minority Data

American National Election Series: 1972, 1974, 1976 (ICPSR 7607)

Principal Investigator(s): University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. This collection consists of a distinct panel across the three election waves, the cross-section samples associated with each election study, and a vote validation study. The panel component consists of a maximum of five interview points for each respondent (pre- and post-1972 election, post-1974 election, and pre- and post-1976 election) taken from the American National Election Studies of 1972 (ICPSR 7010), 1974 (ICPSR 7355), and 1976 (ICPSR 7381). The vote validation data were gathered in the spring and summer of 1977, through interviews with election registration officials and from examination of voting records of the respondents participating in these election studies. The collection also includes filter variables that allow for the retrieval of each of the distinct panel and cross-section samples.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

  • ICPSR Logo

    This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.


Dataset - Download All Files (250.674 MB) large file
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies. American National Election Series: 1972, 1974, 1976. ICPSR07607-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (GS-33956, GI-29904, GS-3322, MH19516-08)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, government performance, information sources, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, public policy, social networks, social values, special interest groups, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1972--1976

Date of Collection:   

  • 1972--1977

Universe:    All citizens of voting age residing in households in the coterminous United States.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, medical records, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

A total of 11 respondents who were "panel only" in the original 1976 cross-section study (AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION SERIES: 1972, 1974, 1976 [ICPSR 7381]) were corrected to "panel and cross section" in this data collection. Consequently, the frequency distribution for certain variables will differ slightly between the 1976 cross-section study and this version of the data.

The codebook frequencies pertain to the 1972-1974-1976 Panel. Vote validation frequencies were generated using V764008 as a weight and filter.

The variable breakdown by year is as follows: 720001-721112 are 1972 variables, 742001-742603 are 1974 variables, 763001-763969 are 1976 variables, 764001-764011 are cross-year variables, 765001-765073 are individual voter record variables from the 1976 vote validation study, 765101-765342 are election administration variables from the 1976 Vote Validation Study, and 765401-765417 are election items checklist variables from the 1976 Vote Validation Study.

The SAS transport file was created using the SAS CPORT procedure.


Sample:    The data collection is a cross-section representative of persons 18 years of age or older as of November 7, 1972, who were living in private households in the coterminous United States.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, self-enumerated questionnaire, telephone interview

Data Source:

electoral records

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-19

Version History:

  • 2000-03-21 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. In addition, the frequencies for panel respondents have been merged with the codebook file.

Related Publications



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics