National Evaluation of the Fighting Back Program: General Population Surveys, 1995-1999 (ICPSR 3801)

Principal Investigator(s): Saxe, Leonard, Brandeis University; Kadushin, Charles, Brandeis University; Tighe, Elizabeth, Brandeis University; Rindskopf, David, City University of New York; Beveridge, Andrew, City University of New York


This study was designed as part of a multi-method assessment of Fighting Back, a community-based drug abuse prevention program funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Fighting Back was implemented in 14 medium-sized, primarily urban communities in 12 states. To assess whether the Fighting Back program led to changes in alcohol and other drug (AOD) patterns and attitudes, the evaluation conducted general population surveys of residents aged 16-44 in 12 Fighting Back program communities and 29 comparison communities. Conducted in three waves -- 1995, 1997, and 1999 -- these surveys constitute the Community Survey (Part 1). To provide comparative national trend data, the National Survey (Part 2) was administered, concurrently with the second and third waves, to a national sample of the non-rural general population aged 16-44 using the same survey instrument as the Community Survey. The strategy for question design was to replicate previously validated questions from national surveys of substance use and dependency, including the National Household Survey of Drug Abuse, the National Comorbidity Study, and the Monitoring the Future study of American youth. Respondents reported their AOD use, their friends' AOD use, their attitudes about AOD use, how their friends felt about AOD use, and their perceptions of drug sales, crime, and other aspects of their neighborhood. In addition, the surveys collected information on volunteerism, crime victimization, health and mental health, knowledge and utilization of AOD treatment services, attendance in drug education courses or lectures in school, and opinions on marijuana legalization. Background variables include sex, race, Hispanic origin, household composition, marital/cohabitation status, education status and achievement, employment status, occupation, religious preference, religiosity, and income.

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  • Health and Medical Care Archive

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DS1:  Community Survey Data - Download All Files (96.888 MB)
DS2:  National Survey Data - Download All Files (3.589 MB)

Study Description


Saxe, Leonard, Charles Kadushin, Elizabeth Tighe, David Rindskopf, and Andrew Beveridge. National Evaluation of the Fighting Back Program: General Population Surveys, 1995-1999. ICPSR03801-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003.

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This study was funded by:

  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (037368)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    addiction, alcohol, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, drug education, Hispanic origins, marijuana, mental health, substance abuse, treatment programs, victimization

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1995--1999

Universe:    Community Survey: Persons aged 16-44 living in households within 12 Fighting Back communities and 29 comparison communities. National Survey: Persons aged 16-44 living in non-rural households within the 48 contiguous states.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The data maps are provided as ASCII files and the codebooks are provided by ICPSR as Portable Document Format (PDF) files.


Sample:    Respondents were selected using random-digit dialing.

Data Source:

telephone interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   2003-08-27

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