Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Restructuring Risky Relationships-HIV (RRR-HIV), 2005-2008 [United States] (ICPSR 30842)

Published: Jul 13, 2011

Principal Investigator(s):
Carl Leukefeld, University of Kentucky. Center on Drug and Alcohol Research


Version V1

In recent years, women have had a growing presence in the prison system, largely for drug-related offenses. Few interventions are geared towards reentering female offenders, for whom HIV and drug use are intimately tied to risky relationships and thinking errors surrounding criminal activity and risky behavior. This study aimed to develop a manual-driven intervention for the criminal justice system geared towards female drug abusers, specifically reducing HIV risk behavior. Using focus groups to develop the manual, interventionists were then trained and supervised. The intervention focused on reducing risky behavior through cognitive restructuring and the relationship model. The intervention takes place through a two-group design, one with three community reentry sessions, the other without reentry sessions. Outcomes of the study were to develop a manual for women reentering society, to contribute to the literature on the unique factors affecting women and risky behavior, to expand on the existing knowledge of the issues faced by reentering women, and to offer information about the connection between community-based reentry resources and the criminal justice system.

Leukefeld, Carl. Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Restructuring Risky Relationships-HIV (RRR-HIV), 2005-2008 [United States]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-07-13.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse

2005 -- 2008

This study is intended to develop a manual-driven intervention for reentering female drug-users, and to test the effectiveness of cognitive restructuring in reducing risky behavior.

A draft intervention manual was developed and pilot tested on a small focus group. Revisions were then made to the manual. Next, interventionists were trained. The intervention was issued in three phases to one group, while another group was not issued the treatment as a control. The three community reentry sessions were administered followed by survey collections at the baseline, after one month, and after three months. Finally, the data collected was used to evaluate and improve the manualized intervention.

For this study 150 incarcerated women, community women, prison treatment providers, community treatment providers, and community correctional supervisors participated in the focus groups that developed the manual, and 120 female prisoners were recruited to participate in evaluating the intervention, 80 in the experimental group, 40 in the control.

Women in post-release integration.


experimental data

survey data

face-to-face interview

The variables for the study examine risky sexual behaviors and risky drug abuse behaviors (NIDA RBA), as well as demographic characteristics and self-reports of outcomes.



2011-07-13 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


This study is maintained and distributed by the National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program (NAHDAP). NAHDAP is supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).