New Hope Project: Income and Employment Effects on Children and Families, 1994-2003 [Restricted Use] (ICPSR 30282)

Principal Investigator(s): Huston, Aletha, University of Texas-Austin; Miller, Cynthia, Manpower Demonstration Project; Duncan, Greg J., University of California-Irvine; Bos, Johannes M., American Institutes for Research; McLoyd, Vonnie C., University of Michigan; Weisner, Thomas, University of California-Los Angeles; Granger, Robert, William T. Grant Foundation


The New Hope Project gathered information on respondents over eight years using several data sources. This collection consists of three datasets: (1) Adults, (2) Child and Family Study (CFS) Parents, and (3) Youth. Information was collected on respondent's employment history, job characteristics and security, other sources of income, feelings about respondent's financial situation, material hardship, respondent's access to health care, as well as experiences with the New Hope program. Furthermore, families with at least one child between the ages of 1 and 10 at initial random assignment were selected for the Child and Family Study (CFS). The CFS independently surveyed parents/primary caregivers and up to two focal children when applicable, and collected information about the parents' and the child's well-being. Additionally, teachers of school-aged children were mailed surveys and asked to rate the child's performance and behavior. Demographic variables include age, gender, race, nationality, citizenship, educational attainment, employment status, income, marital status, parent-child relations, and household composition.

Access Notes

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    One or more files in this collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more.

    Variables have been removed in order to protect respondent anonymity and prevent disclosure risk. All data and documentation files are restricted-use. Any user of this data must have IRB approval. Data is to be disseminated according to the ICPSR restricted-use policies and protocol.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  All Adults
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  CFS Parents
No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  Youth
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


Huston, Aletha, Cynthia Miller, Greg J. Duncan, Johannes M. Bos, Vonnie C. McLoyd, Thomas Weisner, and Robert Granger. New Hope Project: Income and Employment Effects on Children and Families, 1994-2003 [Restricted Use]. ICPSR30282-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-04-03.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD 2 R01 HD036038-08, NICHD 5 R24 HD042849)
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • Ford Foundation
  • Helen Bader Foundation
  • Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development
  • William T. Grant Foundation
  • Annie E. Casey Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    activities of daily living, after school programs, aspirations, attitudes, bullying, child care, child health, child rearing, children, economic aid, economic conditions, education, educational background, employee assistance programs, employment, employment practices, goals, health care, health care access, health insurance, household budgets, household composition, household expenditures, household income, human behavior, income, job history, job satisfaction, living arrangements, living conditions, neighborhood characteristics, neighborhood conditions, parent child relationship, parental attitudes, parents, participation, perceptions, poverty, records, social behavior, standard of living, stress, tax credits, tax records, welfare services, work attitudes

Smallest Geographic Unit:    none

Geographic Coverage:    Milwaukee, United States, Wisconsin

Time Period:   

  • 1994-08--2003-01

Date of Collection:   

  • 1994-08--1995-12 (Random assignment)
  • 1996-12--1998-01 (Two years after random assignment)
  • 1999-12--2000-01 (Five years after random assignment)
  • 2002-12--2003-01 (Eight years after random assignment)

Unit of Observation:    household, individual

Universe:    All adults over 18 years of age residing in one of the two target areas in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, whose household income was at or below 150 percent of the federal poverty level and who were willing and able to work at least 30 hours per week.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, experimental data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This collection has been minimally processed by ICPSR due to the size of the datasets. ICPSR versions of Stata data and ready-to-go files have not been provided.

The data were originally produced by the University of Texas at Austin. The original collection of the quantitative data was administered by Westat and Survey Research Management; Ethnographic fieldwork: Thomas Weisner, Lucinda Bernheimer, Eli Lieber, Victor Espinosa, Christina Gibson, Eboni Howard, Katherine Magnuson, Jennifer Romich, Dvarti Syam. Special collaborators include Julie Kerksick, Tom Back, Sharon F. Schulz, Don Sykes; The State of Wisconsin; Milwaukee County; Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development; Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services; Wisconsin Department of Revenue; and the Milwaukee County Department of Human Services.

For additional information on the New Hope Project, please refer to the MDRC New Hope Project Web site.


Study Purpose:    The New Hope Project was created to offer services and benefits to low-income households including job search assistance, a monthly earnings supplement, and subsidized child care and health insurance.

Study Design:    Over 1,300 individuals (Primary Sample Members - PSMs) were enrolled based on particular criteria and then randomly assigned to either (1) the New Hope program group; eligible to receive the program's benefits and services for three years, or (2) the control group; not eligible to receive program benefits and services.


Please refer to the MDRC New Hope Project Web site for information on sampling.

Mode of Data Collection:    cognitive assessment test, face-to-face interview, self-enumerated questionnaire, telephone interview

Data Source:

Please refer to the "Processing Notes" section of the ICPSR codebook for information on data sources.

Description of Variables:    Dataset 1 (All Adults) - approximately 9,800 variables; Dataset 2 (CFS Parents) - approximately 9,800 variables; Dataset 3 (Youth) - approximately 13,300 variables.

Response Rates:    The overall response rate for the two-year survey was 80.0 percent for the full sample; 79.3 percent for the Child and Family Study (CFS). Of the CFS sample, 77.9 percent had at least some usable child data. Of the school-aged children (aged 5 years or older), 61.8 percent had at least some teacher data available. 75 percent of parents and 72 percent of children in the CFS provided at least some responses to the five-year surveys. Of all children who responded, 63 percent had at least one teacher who responded to the five-year teacher survey. The response rate for the eight-year survey was 80 percent.

Presence of Common Scales:    Woodcock-Johnson Achievement Battery: Letter-Word Identification, Passage Comprehension, Applied Problems, and Calculation scales; Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D); HOME measure; Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS); Social Skills Rating System (SSRS).

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2013-04-03

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