Economic Census

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census

These data are not available from ICPSR. Users should consult the data owners (via Economic Census) directly for details on obtaining these resources.

The Economic Census is the United States Government's official five-year measure of American business and the economy. It is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, and response is required by law. Every 5 years starting in 1977, forms are sent out to millions of businesses, including large, medium and small companies representing all U.S. locations and industries. Respondents were asked to provide a range of operational and performance data for their companies.

The Economic Census provides data for several arts-related NAICS industries, including the following:

Arts, entertainment, and recreation (NAICS Code 71)

  • Performing arts companies
  • Spectator sports
  • Promoters of performing arts, sports, and similar events
  • Independent artists, writers, and performers
  • Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions
  • Amusement parks and arcades

Professional, scientific, and technical services (NAICS Code 54)

  • Architectural services
  • Graphic Design Services
  • Landscape architectural services
  • Photographic services

Retail trade (NAICS Code 44-45)

  • Sporting goods, hobby, and musical instrument stores
  • Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores
  • Book stores
  • Art dealers

Some industries are not covered by the economic census. View a full list here.

Data from the Economic Census is important for industries, communities, and businesses. Trade associations, chambers of commerce, and businesses rely on this information for economic development, business decisions, and strategic planning. Government agencies, analysts, and business organizations nationwide also rely on census information for planning and key economic reports.

These data are not available from NADAC. Users should consult the Economic Census Web site for details on obtaining the data and other resources. Users are encouraged to explore the Methodology and Uses of Census Data pages for further information about Economic Census data.

Users can search for the data they need on the Finding Data page.

A new Economic Census may feature a number of important changes from its predecessor. Changes can occur in the following categories:

  • Industry Classification
  • Product Classification
  • Geographic
  • New Enterprise Statistics
  • Reporting

Users are strongly encouraged to read about any changes mentioned on the site before analyzing the data.

Data for the Economic Census are available in a wide variety of geographies:

  • U.S./States
  • Region & Division
  • Metro Areas
  • Counties
  • Places
  • ZIP Code

Users should review the geographic definitions before analyzing the data.

For general questions, users should refer to the Contact Us page on the Economic Census Web site for contact information or related resources.

Changed the PI name from United States Census Bureau to United States. Bureau of the Census on 12/12/17.

Free and easy access to data on the arts and on the arts' value and impact for individuals and communities