Community Arts Survey 1998 [Greater Philadelphia and Greater Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania] (ICPSR 35193)
Published: Jan 23, 2015 View help for published
Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Princeton Survey Research Associates International
Summary View help for Summary
The Community Arts Survey is a a study of local residents' opinions about the arts in Greater Philadelphia and Greater Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The purpose of the study was to examine interest and awareness in nonprofit arts and cultural activities from several angles, including childhood participation as an artist, student or audience member; adult participation in the same ways or as a parent; barriers to adult participation; and attendance at specific local venues. Respondents were also asked for their demographic information including age, sex, race, and income. Surveys in both metropolitan areas were identical and were conducted in tandem with each other. Furthermore, in each Metropolitan Statistical Area, interviews were conducted August 11 through September 6, 1998. Each dataset consists of 1,003 completed interviews.
Citation View help for Citation
Funding View help for Funding
Subject Terms View help for Subject Terms
Geographic Coverage View help for Geographic Coverage
Smallest Geographic Unit View help for Smallest Geographic Unit
Restrictions View help for Restrictions
Distributor(s) View help for Distributor(s)
Time Period(s) View help for Time Period(s)
Date of Collection View help for Date of Collection
Data Collection Notes View help for Data Collection Notes
The study was produced by Princeton Survey Research Associates International in Princeton, New Jersey. Funding for the Greater Philadelphia survey was provided by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Funding for the Greater Pittsburgh survey was provided by The Heinz Endowments and The Pew Charitable Trusts.
This data collection was previously distributed by the Cultural Policy and the Arts National Data Archive (CPANDA). The CPANDA Identification Number (study number) for the entire data collection is c00006. The CPANDA Identification number for the Greater Philadelphia Community Arts Survey 1998 is a00119 and for the Greater Pittsburgh Community Arts Survey 1998 is a00120. CPANDA conducted the following processing steps for release of this collection: produced a codebook, checked for undocumented codes, performed consistency checks, provided frequencies, performed recodes, and reformatted the data.
Information regarding data processing for this data collection is in the "Codebook Notes" page(s) in the ICPSR Codebook. Most notably:
- To protect respondent privacy, cases coded "Asian" (code 3) in the RACE variable were combined with "Other or mixed race" (code 4). Also, too few cases were available for analysis.
- The value used for response "Don't know/refused" differs throughout the data collection because it follows the questionnaire. Users may use their discretion to standardize these codes for their own use.
- For this data collection, no documentation was provided for how the following variables were created: PARTICA, PARTICB, EVERART, DVFRQART, ACTIVART, CHLDEXPO, ATTNDART, and FREQART.
Study Purpose View help for Study Purpose
The purpose of the study was to examine interest and awareness in nonprofit arts and cultural activities from several angles, including childhood participation as an artist, student or audience member; adult participation in the same ways or as a parent; barriers to adult participation; and attendance at specific local venues.
Study Design View help for Study Design
Princeton Survey Research Associates interviewed 1,003 adults for each survey. Interviews were conducted from August 11, 1998 through September 6, 1998 in the Philadelphia and Pittsburgh metropolitan statistical areas. The survey results are based on telephone interviews with a representative sample of adults aged 18 or older living in households with telephones.
Sample View help for Sample
The survey used random digit dialing to form a random sample. The margin of sampling error for each survey is plus or minus four percentage points for results based on total sample. Results based on smaller subgroups are subject to a larger margin of sampling error.
Interviewers asked to speak with the "youngest male, 18 years of age or older, who is now at home." If there was no eligible male at home, interviewers asked to speak with "the oldest female, 18 years of age or older, who is now at home."
The Philadelphia Metropolitan Statistical Area includes four counties in New Jersey.
Time Method View help for Time Method
Universe View help for Universe
Adults aged 18 or over living in households with telephones in the Philadelphia or the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Unit(s) of Observation View help for Unit(s) of Observation
Data Type(s) View help for Data Type(s)
Mode of Data Collection View help for Mode of Data Collection
Response Rates View help for Response Rates
The response rate for the Philadelphia Metropolitan Statistical Area is 48 percent, while the response rate for the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area is 48.6 percent. (The rate formula used by PSRAI is consistent with the American Association for Public Opinion Research standards.)
Original Release Date View help for Original Release Date
Version Date View help for Version Date
Version History View help for Version History
- Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Community Arts Survey 1998 [Greater Philadelphia and Greater Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania]. ICPSR35193-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-01-23. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35193.v1
2015-01-23 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created online analysis version with question text.
Weight View help for Weight
Weighting was accomplished using Sample Balancing, a special iterative weighting program that simultaneously balances the distributions of all variables using a statistical technique called the Deming Algorithm. Weights were trimmed to prevent individual interviews from having too much influence on the final results. The use of these weights in statistical analysis ensures that the demographic characteristics of the sample closely approximate the demographic characteristics of the population of interest. Results were weighted to adjust for sample variations relating to sex, age, education and race. Weighting parameters were provided by Claritas Data Services and were based on the most recently available Census Bureau Metropolitan Area Statistics. The variable name for the weight variable in this data collection is WEIGHT.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.