Museum Program Survey, 1979 [United States] (ICPSR 2229)
Published: Mar 19, 2015 View help for published
Summary View help for Summary
This survey collected data from 1,373 nonprofit museums in 50 states and the District of Columbia. The sample was drawn from a universe of museums developed in a 1978 National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) museum universe study. The purpose of the study was to estimate the characteristics and educational roles of the nonprofit museum universe. For the purpose of this survey, a museum was defined as an institution organized on a permanent basis for essentially educational or aesthetic purposes, which utilizes a staff, owns or uses tangible objects whether animate or inanimate, cares for these objects, and exhibits them to the public on a regular basis. A stratified, random sample was drawn from a sampling frame of 4,408 museums identified by the 1978 Museum Universe Survey. The survey instrument was mailed to museum directors on December 12, 1979. Non-respondent follow-ups included a reminder letter, telephone follow-up and a second survey mail-out, followed by a final telephone follow-up.
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Geographic Coverage View help for Geographic Coverage
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Date of Collection View help for Date of Collection
Data Collection Notes View help for Data Collection Notes
The study was conducted for the National Center for Education Statistics by Macro Systems, Inc.
This data collection was simultaneously distributed by ICPSR as ICPSR 2229 and by the Cultural Policy and the Arts National Data Archive (CPANDA) with the CPANDA Identification Number (study number) of a00001. CPANDA created variable groups and added question text to the codebook as well as conducted the following processing steps for release of this collection: produced a codebook, checked for undocumented codes, performed consistency checks, provided frequencies, performed recodes, and reformatted the data.
Study Purpose View help for Study Purpose
The purpose of the study was to estimate the characteristics and educational roles of the nonprofit museum universe.
Study Design View help for Study Design
The study was conducted for the National Center for Education Statistics by Macro Systems, Inc. This survey collected data from 1,373 nonprofit museums in 50 states and the District of Columbia. The survey instrument was mailed to museum directors on December 12, 1979. Non-respondent follow-ups included a reminder letter, telephone follow-up and a second survey mail-out, followed by a final telephone follow-up. A 94 percent response rate was achieved. All surveys went through extensive manual and machine edit checks to detect and correct logic and consistency errors. All errors in the submitted data were resolved with museum directors by telephone; an average of three calls per museum were made. Non-critical data items still missing following a reasonable number of follow-up attempts were imputed based on responses of peer museums. Each responding museum was appropriately weighted to represent the 1978 universe of nonprofit museums. In the course of the survey, 49 duplicates were detected in the universe and the original universe size of 4,629 was appropriately adjusted (4,580). Additionally, 21 sampled museums were determined to be not yet open, 3 permanently closed, and 5 did not meet the definition of a museum. The museums in these last three categories are estimated to comprise approximately 172 museums in the universe. Thus, 4,408 nonprofit museums were estimated to be open to the public.
Sample View help for Sample
A stratified, random sample was drawn from a sampling frame of 4,408 museums identified by the 1978 Museum Universe Survey. The sample was stratified by museum type, type of control (nonprofit, public, academic, etc.), size (as defined by operating expenditures), and geographic region. All for-profit museums were eliminated from the universe file prior to drawing the sample.
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Universe View help for Universe
Nonprofit museums in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
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Response Rates View help for Response Rates
Of the 1,373 nonprofit museums surveyed, 94 percent responded to questionnaires mailed to them on December 12, 1979.
Original Release Date View help for Original Release Date
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Version History View help for Version History
- United States Department of Education. Institute of Education Sciences. National Center for Education Statistics. Museum Program Survey, 1979 [United States]. ICPSR02229-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-03-19. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02229.v2
2015-03-19 Data are now also available in SAS, SPSS, Stata, R, Excel, and tab-delimited ASCII. A new codebook with frequencies was produced. The original codebook is now available as data documentation.
2003-06-25 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created online analysis version with question text.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
- The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. Please see version history for more details.