Effects of Drug Testing on Defendant Risk in Dade County, Florida, 1987 (ICPSR 9791)

Principal Investigator(s): Goldkamp, John S.; Gottfredson, Michael R.; Weiland, Doris


The purpose of this data collection was to explore the relationship between drug use and crime. Specifically, the collection was undertaken to determine whether drug test results could provide important predictive information on pretrial misconduct over and above that provided by other variables, thus supplying more data for judges to use in making bail and pretrial release decisions. Data about defendants and their criminal and drug use history were gathered. In addition, defendants were subjected to urinalysis drug testing procedures to determine the presence or absence of drugs in the urine. Both the drug testing methods and subsequent results were subjected to reliability and validity testing procedures. The independent variables in the study include demographic attributes such as defendant's sex, race, birthdate, marital status, and employment, charge-related attributes such as current offense, arrest, and court disposition, prior criminal record of the defendant, current and past drug use, and drug testing results. The dependent variables pertain to the defendant's pretrial performance and include items such as failure to appear and any rearrests.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Goldkamp, John S., Michael R. Gottfredson, and Doris Weiland. EFFECTS OF DRUG TESTING ON DEFENDANT RISK IN DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA, 1987. ICPSR version. Los Altos, CA: Sociometrics Corporation [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09791.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09791.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (87-IJ-CX-0007)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    controlled drugs, criminal histories, criminality prediction, defendants, drug abuse, drug related crimes, drug testing, drug use

Geographic Coverage:    Florida, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1987-06-09--1987-07-24

Date of Collection:   

  • 1987-06--1987-12

Universe:    All defendants with bondable offenses that were processed through the Dade County Court in June and July of 1987.

Data Type(s):    clinical data, and event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


Sample:    Defendants were chosen from charge records. Only those charged with "bondable" offenses were chosen.

Data Source:

official jail, court, and pretrial services records, and drug test results from urinalysis procedures: RIA, EMIT, and GC/MS technologies


Original ICPSR Release:   1992-10-31

Version History:

  • 1999-08-20 SAS and SPSS data definition statements and a PDF version of the codebook have been added to this collection.

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