Impact of Sentencing Reforms and Speedy Trial Laws in the United States, 1969-1989 (ICPSR 9736)

Published: Mar 4, 1992

Principal Investigator(s):
Thomas B. Marvell; Carlisle E. Jr. Moody

Version V1

The certainty and promptness of punishment have long been hypothesized to be important variables in deterring crime. This data collection evaluates whether sentencing reforms to enhance certainty of punishment and speedy trial laws to enhance promptness of punishment affected crime rates, prison admissions, and prison populations. Variables include state, year, crime reports, economic conditions, population (including age structure), prison population, prison releases, and prison admissions. The unit of observation is the state by the year.

Marvell, Thomas B., and Moody, Carlisle E. Jr. Impact of Sentencing Reforms and Speedy Trial Laws in the United States, 1969-1989. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-03-04.

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (88-IJ-CX-0045)

1969 -- 1989

1988 -- 1990

This collection contains two 87-character records per case.

The data collection is a pooled cross-sectional time series in 50 states for the period 1969-1989.

The population of the United States during 1969-1989.

(1) "Prisoners and Prison Admissions and Releases," from Bureau of Justice Statistics reports, (2) Federal Bureau of Investigation Crime Report, 1972-1990, (3) United States Bureau of the Census population data, and (4) United States Department of Commerce economic data

aggregate data




  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.