Disturbed Violent Offenders in New York, 1985 (ICPSR 9325)

Published: Jan 12, 2006 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Hans Toch; Kenneth Adams


Version V2

This data collection was designed to investigate the relationship between mental illness and violent involvement over an offender's criminal career and to develop a typology of violent offenders that takes into account both mental health history and substance use history. The collection is organized so that data for the violent offender cohort can be matched with records of offender mental health history, substance abuse history, and criminal career history. The offenders were convicted of statutorily-defined "violent offenses." Included in the collection are variables concerning conviction offenses, intoxication status, victim-offender relationship, injury result, type of violence, employment, marital status, gender, and race. The criminal history file contains variables on dates of arrest or juvenile contacts. The mental history file includes dates of entry and types of mental health services received.

Toch, Hans, and Adams, Kenneth. Disturbed Violent Offenders in New York, 1985. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09325.v2

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-0033)

All offenders convicted of violent offenses and sentenced to terms of incarceration during the period January 1985 through December 1985 in the state of New York.

New York State Department of Correctional Services and New York State Office of Mental Health official records

event/transaction data



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Toch, Hans, and Kenneth Adams. DISTURBED VIOLENT OFFENDERS IN NEW YORK, 1985. 2nd ICPSR version. Compiled by State University of New York [producer], 1988. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09325.v2

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

1990-05-01 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. Please see version history for more details.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.