Effects of Prison Versus Probation in California, 1980-1982 (ICPSR 8700)

Published: Jan 18, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Joan Petersilia, RAND Corporation; Susan Turner, RAND Corporation; Joyce Peterson, RAND Corporation


Version V1

This study was divided into two phases. The first assessed the effects of different sanctions on separate criminal populations, focusing on probation as a sentencing alternative for felons. The second phase used a quasi-experimental design to address how imprisonment affects criminal behavior when criminals are released. Specific issues included: (a) the effect that imprisonment (vs. probation) and length of time served have on recidivism, (b) the amount of crime prevented by imprisoning offenders rather than placing them on probation, and (c) costs to the system for achieving that reduction in crime.

Petersilia, Joan, Turner, Susan, and Peterson, Joyce. Effects of Prison Versus Probation in California, 1980-1982. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-18. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08700.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (83-IJ-CX-0002)

1980 -- 1982

The Statewide file covers convictions in the 17 largest counties in California. The Prisoner and Probationer files cover Los Angeles and Alameda counties.

Convicted offenders in California.

official records of the California Youth and Corrections Agency

aggregate data



2006-01-18 File CB8700.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

2001-10-22 The codebook for this study has been converted to Portable Document Format (PDF).


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.